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Review of Hydrogen Production Techniques from Water Using Renewable Energy Sources and Its Storage in Salt Caverns

Takach, Mahdi and Sarajlic, Mirza and Peters, Dorothee and Kröner, Michael and Schuldt, Frank and von Maydell, Karsten (2022) Review of Hydrogen Production Techniques from Water Using Renewable Energy Sources and Its Storage in Salt Caverns. Energies, 15 (4). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/en15041415. ISSN 1996-1073.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/15/4/1415


Hydrogen is becoming an increasingly important energy carrier in sector integration for fuel cell transportation, heat and electricity. Underground salt caverns are one of the most promising ways to store the hydrogen obtained from water electrolysis using power generation from renewable energy sources (RES). At the same time, the production of hydrogen can be used to avoid energy curtailments during times of low electricity demand or low prices. The stored hydrogen can also be used during times of high energy demand for power generation, e.g., with fuel cells, to cover the fluctuations and shortages caused by low RES generation. This article presents an overview of the techniques that were used and proposed for using excess energy from RES for hydrogen production from water and its storage techniques, especially in underground salt caverns, for the aforementioned purpose, and its feasibility. This paper compares and summarizes the competing technologies based on the current state-of-the-art, identifies some of the difficulties in hydrogen production and storage, and discusses which technology is the most promising. The related analysis compares cost and techno-economic feasibility with regard to hydrogen production and storage systems. The paper also identifies the potential, technical challenges and the limitations associated with hydrogen integration into the power grid.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/185325/
Document Type:Article
Title:Review of Hydrogen Production Techniques from Water Using Renewable Energy Sources and Its Storage in Salt Caverns
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Takach, MahdiUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6558-9640UNSPECIFIED
Sarajlic, MirzaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6654-5113UNSPECIFIED
Peters, DorotheeUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0084-2112UNSPECIFIED
Kröner, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3646-001XUNSPECIFIED
Schuldt, FrankUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4196-2025UNSPECIFIED
von Maydell, KarstenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0966-5810UNSPECIFIED
Date:15 February 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Energies
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Keywords:energy storage; underground salt cavern; hydrogen storage; flexibility; renewable energy sources; curtailed energy
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Energy System Design
HGF - Program Themes:Digitalization and System Technology
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy System Technology and Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Energy System Technology
Location: Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy System Technology
Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Urban and Residential Technologies
Deposited By: Sarajlic, Dr. Mirza
Deposited On:23 Feb 2022 10:45
Last Modified:23 Feb 2022 10:45

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