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Space-based evaluation of fires with the BIRD microsatellite mission

Brieß, K. and Oertel, D. (2002) Space-based evaluation of fires with the BIRD microsatellite mission. Tagung des Wiss.-Techn. Unterausschusses des VN-Weltraumausschusses, 25.02.-08.03.02, Wien.

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For hot spot events as forest and vegetation fires, burning coal seams or volcanic activities a dedicated space instrumentation does not exist. Sensors being used now for the observation of these events have some drawbacks because they are not designed for the hot spot investigation. For the near future there are missions planned with a new generation of cooled infrared array sensors. The German BIRD (Bi-spectral Infrared Detection) mission will answer a lot of technological and scientific questions related to the operation of a compact bi-spectral infrared push-broom sensor on board of a micro satellite and related to the detection and investigation of fires from space. Therefore, the BIRD primary mission objectives are: ·Test of a new generation of infrared array sensors adapted to Earth remote sensing objectives, ·Detection and scientific investigation of High Temperature Events such as forest fires, volcanic activities, and coal seam fires, ·Test and demonstration of new small satellite technologies, such as on-board navigation system, new board computers, star sensors, reaction wheels and other. The secondary mission objectives consists in: ·Test and demonstration of on-board classification by means of a neural networks circuit ·scientific issues related to the diagnostics of vegetation conditions and changes. The payload is a multi-sensor system designed to fulfill the scientific requirements under the conditions of a micro satellite. The multi-sensor system consists of a new developed infrared array sensor system tailored to hot spot detection from space, a CCD camera with a red and a near infrared channel, a payload data handling system with a 1 Gbit mass memory and a on-board neural network classificator. The BIRD mission is a small satellite mission funded by DLR. The BIRD satellite is launched with the Indian PSLV-C3 in October 2001 into a 572 km circular Sun-synchronous Low Earth Orbit. Starting from the scientific requirements and the mission constraints the presentation will show the performance and limits of the mission with regard to the detection and investigation of fires or volcano activities from space. First results of the remote sensing of vegetation fires should be presented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/18288/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2002,
Title:Space-based evaluation of fires with the BIRD microsatellite mission
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:vegetation fires, hot spot, BIRD, small satellite, multi-sensor, desaster management
Event Title:Tagung des Wiss.-Techn. Unterausschusses des VN-Weltraumausschusses, 25.02.-08.03.02, Wien
Organizer:UN, Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institut für Weltraumsensorik und Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: Dombrowski, Ute
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 19:02

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