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Urban Air Mobility Vehicle and Fleet-level Life-Cycle Assessment Using a System-of-Systems Approach

Shiva Prakasha, Prajwal and Papantoni, Veatriki and Naeem, Nabih and Ratei, Patrick and Nagel, Björn and Villacis, Stefany and Brand, Urte and Vogt, Thomas (2021) Urban Air Mobility Vehicle and Fleet-level Life-Cycle Assessment Using a System-of-Systems Approach. In: AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,. AIAA AVIATION 2021 FORUM, 2021-08-02 - 2021-08-06, United States of America. doi: 10.2514/6.2021-2457. ISBN 978-162410610-1.

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Official URL: https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2021-2457

Abstract

Can Urban Air Mobility (UAM) systems constitute viable and sustainable mobility solutions? This question has increasingly been concerning scientists, companies, policy makers, and authorities as more and more UAM vehicle concepts are seeing the light of day. In order to come closer to answering this question and to demonstrate the dependencies and impacts of the numerous parameters used to describe a highly complex system of a fleet of UAM vehicles operating in an urban environment, this paper employs a System of Systems (SoS) approach. A collaborative SoS framework with an agent-based simulation is introduced, which connects the UAM vehicle design, fleet performance, vertiport network, and re-energizing infrastructure with a Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA). The framework is used to simulate four exemplary UAM fleet-operation scenarios based on two cities and two operational modes, namely urban and suburban operations. Different vehicle design configurations, e.g. multirotor and lift + cruise vehicles, are evaluated in each scenario based on respectively realistic Concepts of Operations (CONOPS). Additionally, two different points in time, namely 2025 and 2050, are considered and assessed for powering the vehicles by taking into account the characteristics of batteries as well as the underlying electricity mix for their operation. Lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide battery and lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are considered. The SoS framework helps to asses various UAM metrics such as the average wait time for a passenger, the ideal number of aircraft needed for transporting all passengers within given time, the energy required on a vehicle and fleet level, sustainability metrics, e.g. the global warming potential associated with the energy carriers and many more. The capability to explore a wide design space and to visualize the dependencies between the system parameters and their impacts on different SoS metrics provides stakeholders with a helpful tool for their decision making.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/148391/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Urban Air Mobility Vehicle and Fleet-level Life-Cycle Assessment Using a System-of-Systems Approach
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Shiva Prakasha, PrajwalUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5694-5538UNSPECIFIED
Papantoni, VeatrikiUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1036-5981UNSPECIFIED
Naeem, NabihUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3144-3045UNSPECIFIED
Ratei, PatrickUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5161-8025UNSPECIFIED
Nagel, BjörnUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8076-9853UNSPECIFIED
Villacis, StefanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brand, UrteUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2777-2695UNSPECIFIED
Vogt, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6268-8694UNSPECIFIED
Date:28 July 2021
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI:10.2514/6.2021-2457
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,
Series Name:AIAA Aviation 2021
ISBN:978-162410610-1
Status:Published
Keywords:Urban Air Mobility, Sustainability, System of Systems, Aircraft Design, Life Cycle Assessment, Agent Based Simulation
Event Title:AIAA AVIATION 2021 FORUM
Event Location:United States of America
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:2 August 2021
Event End Date:6 August 2021
Organizer:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics - AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Operations and Impact Assessment, L - Aircraft Technologies and Integration, L - Aircraft Systems, L - Components and Emissions, L - Digital Technologies, E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Hamburg , Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of System Architectures in Aeronautics
Institute of Networked Energy Systems
Deposited By: Shiva Prakasha, Prajwal
Deposited On:20 Jan 2022 10:21
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:46

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