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System of Systems Simulation Driven Wildfire Fighting Aircraft Design and Fleet Assessment

Shiva Prakasha, Prajwal and Kilkis, San and Naeem, Nabih and Ratei, Patrick and Nagel, Björn (2021) System of Systems Simulation Driven Wildfire Fighting Aircraft Design and Fleet Assessment. In: AIAA AVIATION 2021 FORUM. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,. AIAA AVIATION 2021 FORUM, 2021-08-02 - 2021-08-06, United States of America. doi: 10.2514/6.2021-2455.

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Official URL: https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/6.2021-2455


Large wildfires are increasingly occurring phenomenon in several since the past few years. The suppression of wildfires is complex considering heterogeneous independent constituent systems operating together to monitor, mitigate, and suppress the fire. In addition, the management of the disaster response involve multiple institutions in collaboration. Recognition of this wildfire fighting scenario, as a System of Systems (SoS) is valid. Aerial vehicles may play a big role in firefighting considering monitoring and suppression at early stages when the fire is still small. Thus, there is scope for designing a new Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) with a payload of 250 kg to 500 kg for aerial forest fire suppression, using a SoS wildfire simulation driven aircraft design approach, where the individual optimum performance of a system, especially of a new aircraft for firefighting, does not guarantee optimum overall firefighting mission effectiveness. Whereas an optimum combination of fleet, technology and operational tactics can effectively suppress fire. For this reason, this research focuses on four different aspects: 1) Applying the inverse design paradigm to a wildfire suppression air vehicle by coupling a fire propagation cellular automata model with a stochastic agent-based simulation of an evolved firefighting SoS. An efficient SoS framework to Evaluate fleet performance. 2) Four System of systems – system – subsystem interlinking research questions are addressed with corresponding sensitivity results. The impact of wildfire based on vehicle fleet size, vehicle architecture (Tiltrotor, Compound Heli, Multirotor or Lift cruise), payload carrying capability, response time and cruise speed. 3) The evolution of perfect combination of aerial vehicle fleet with different vehicle architectures, technologies and performances using simulations. 4) Obtaining a set of system level (aircraft level) Measures of Performance (MoP) for the large suppression UAVs that produce improved SoS-level Measures of Effectiveness (MoE) during an initial attack quantified by containment time and total fire burnt area. As addressed by research questions and results. The response time and Number of Aircraft has large impact on success of the firefighting mission. As the time advantage deteriorate, the wild fire expands exponentially.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/148123/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture, Speech)
Title:System of Systems Simulation Driven Wildfire Fighting Aircraft Design and Fleet Assessment
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Shiva Prakasha, PrajwalUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5694-5538UNSPECIFIED
Naeem, NabihUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3144-3045UNSPECIFIED
Ratei, PatrickUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5161-8025UNSPECIFIED
Nagel, BjörnUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8076-9853UNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA AVIATION 2021 FORUM
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,
Series Name:AIAA Aviation 2021
Keywords:Wild Fire, Conceptual Aircraft Design, System of Systems, Urban Air Mobility, Agent-Based Simulation, Sensitivity Study, Fleet Assessment
Event Location:United States of America
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:2 August 2021
Event End Date:6 August 2021
Organizer:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics - AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Operations and Impact Assessment, L - Aircraft Technologies and Integration, L - Aircraft Systems
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of System Architectures in Aeronautics
Deposited By: Shiva Prakasha, Prajwal
Deposited On:14 Jan 2022 08:29
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:46

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