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Visiting a fresh crater in Jezero with the Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover

Calef, Fred and Alwmark, S. and Amundsen, H.E.F. and Bechtold, A. and Bell, J. and Quantin, C. and Dypvik, H. and Hamran, S.-E. and Schmitz, Nicole and Simon, J.I. and Stack, K M (2021) Visiting a fresh crater in Jezero with the Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover. GSA Connects 2021, 10.-13. Okt. 2021, Portland, Oregon, USA. doi: 10.1130/abs/2021AM-370948.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2021AM/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/370948

Abstract

Fresh craters provide an opportunity for close examination into the subsurface for landed missions. Adziilii crater is one of many fresh craters with extant ejecta within Jezero crater, the field site for the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover, formed in the unit termed Crater Floor- Fractured Rough (CF-Fr) which comprises much of the Jezero crater floor. This ~80x70 m elliptical crater has a depth/diameter ratio of 0.05 consistent with a low-angle secondary impact. Considering two similar appearing elongated impact craters lying to the southwest and southeast of the landing site, Adziilii crater is probably part of a secondary crater cluster. Meter scale-sized blocks line the Adziilii crater rim out to one crater radii to the north and south. Such asymmetric ejecta distribution is also related to shallow impact angles. Several sharp-rimmed kilometer diameter craters, for example the 2 km diameter Dacono crater east of Adziilii, are close enough to have been the source for ejecta blocks traveling at sub-hypervelocity. In the case of Dacono, a mere 320-350 m/s initial velocity at an ejection angle ranging from 30-45 degrees can loft an ejecta block the ~28 km distance to form Adziilii crater. Excavation depths of a crater this size are approximately 3-5 meters. Some larger ejecta blocks seen in Mastcam-Z images exhibit unique vesicular, sometimes ropey, textures different from the surrounding dusty low-lying rocks nearby and appear rougher than similar dark toned, smooth textured blocks examined by the Perseverance rover. Observations from the rover’s ground penetrating radar system (RIMFAX) reveal at least one higher density subsurface transition at about 3-5 m depth. Given the unique textures and excavation depths, there’s potential these blocks represent a unique buried surface. While the ejecta block textures are consistent with a geologic unit with a volcanic origin, as are several subsurface structures, the pattern is also consistent with aeolian erosion as seen in Gale Crater rocks at Rocknest. It is also possible the unique lithologic characteristics hint at impactor fragment survivability, more likely in a low velocity impact. However, if the source crater is local, the differences in lithology may be small or unobservable. Future observations of fresh impact craters along the rover's traverse should help elucidate more subsurface stratigraphy of the crater floor and other buried units examined by Perseverance at the surface.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/148005/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Eine Aufzeichnung der Präsentation ist verfügbar unter https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2021AM/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/370948
Title:Visiting a fresh crater in Jezero with the Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Calef, FredJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Alwmark, S.Niels Bohr Institute Copenhagen DenmarkUNSPECIFIED
Amundsen, H.E.F.Institute for Technology SystemsUNSPECIFIED
Bechtold, A.University ViennaUNSPECIFIED
Bell, J.ASU, Tempe, AZ, USAUNSPECIFIED
Quantin, C.Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon, LGLTPE, Univ. LyonUNSPECIFIED
Dypvik, H.University of OsloUNSPECIFIED
Hamran, S.-E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schmitz, NicoleNicole.Schmitz (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6481-6189
Simon, J.I.NASA Johnson Spece CenterUNSPECIFIED
Stack, K MJPL, Caltech, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:53
DOI :10.1130/abs/2021AM-370948
Series Name:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars 2020, Perseverance, Jezero, crater, impact, ejecta, rover,
Event Title:GSA Connects 2021
Event Location:Portland, Oregon, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:10.-13. Okt. 2021
Organizer:The Geological Society of America
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - ExoMars PanCam / MARS2020
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Schmitz, Nicole
Deposited On:06 Jan 2022 08:15
Last Modified:06 Jan 2022 08:15

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