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In Situ exploration of the giant planets

Mousis, O. and Atkinson, David H. and Ambrosi, R. and Atreya, S. and Banfield, D. and Barabash, S. and Blanc, Michel and Cavalie, T. and Coustenis, A and Deleuil, M. and Durry, G. and Ferri, F. and Fletcher, L.N. and Fouchet, T. and Guillot, T and Hartogh, Paul and Hueso, R. and Hofstadter, M. and Lebreton, J.-P. and Mandt, Kathleen E. and Rauer, Heike and Rannou, P. and Renard, J.-B. and Sanchez-Lavega, A. and Sayanagi, K.M. and Simon, A. A. and Spilker, T. and Venkatapathy, E. and Waite, J. H. and Wurz, P (2021) In Situ exploration of the giant planets. Experimental Astronomy, 52. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s10686-021-09775-z. ISSN 0922-6435.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10686-021-09775-z#citeas


Remote sensing observations suffer significant limitations when used to study the bulk atmospheric composition of the giant planets of our Solar System. This impacts our knowledge of the formation of these planets and the physics of their atmospheres. A remarkable example of the superiority of in situ probe measurements was illustrated by the exploration of Jupiter, where key measurements such as the determination of the noble gases' abundances and the precise measurement of the helium mixing ratio were only made available through in situ measurements by the Galileo probe. Here we describe the main scientific goals to be addressed by the future in situ exploration of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, placing the Galileo probe exploration of Jupiter in a broader context. An atmospheric entry probe targeting the 10-bar level would yield insight into two broad themes: i) the formation history of the giant planets and that of the Solar System, and ii) the processes at play in planetary atmospheres. The probe would descend under parachute to measure composition, structure, and dynamics, with data returned to Earth using a Carrier Relay Spacecraft as a relay station. An atmospheric probe could represent a significant ESA contribution to a future NASA New Frontiers or flagship mission to be launched toward Saturn, Uranus, and/or Neptune.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/148001/
Document Type:Article
Title:In Situ exploration of the giant planets
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Mousis, O.Observatoire de Besançon, Institut UTINAM, 41 bis Avenue de l’Observatoire, BP 1615, 25 010 Besançon Cedex, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Atkinson, David H.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ambrosi, R.Space Research Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Atreya, S.University of Michigan, Space Research Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Banfield, D.Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Barabash, S.Swedish Institute of Space Physics (Sweden)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Blanc, MichelIRAP CNRS University of Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cavalie, T.Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, University Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615, Pessac, France; LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195, MeudUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Coustenis, ALESIA, Observatoire de MeudonUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deleuil, M.Aix Marseille Universite, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, F-13388 Marseille, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Durry, G.Groupe de Spectrométrie Moléculaire et Atmosphérique, UMR 7331, CNRS, Université de Reims, Champagne Ardenne, Campus Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, BP 1039, 51687, Reims, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ferri, F.University of Padova, CISAS, via Venezia 15, 35100 Padova, ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fletcher, L.N.University of Leicester, Leicester, UKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fouchet, T.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Guillot, TObservatoire de la Côte d'AzurUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hartogh, PaulMPI für Sonnensystemforschung, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hueso, R.Escuela Superior Ingenierı´a, Universidad Paı´s Vasco, Alameda Urquijo, s/n 48013 Bilbao, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hofstadter, M.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mandt, Kathleen E.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics LaboratoryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rauer, HeikeUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6510-1828UNSPECIFIED
Rannou, P.Groupe de Spectroscopie Moléculaire et Atmosphérique, UMR CNRS 6089, Université de Reims, U.F.R. Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, Moulin de la Housse B.P. 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Renard, J.-B.Lab. de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement, CNRS, Orléans, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sanchez-Lavega, A.Escuela Superior Ingenierı´a, Universidad Paı´s Vasco, Alameda Urquijo, s/n 48013 Bilbao, SpainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sayanagi, K.M.Department of Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Hampton University, Virginia, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Simon, A. A.NASA Goddard Space flight Center, 20771, Greenbelt, MD, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Spilker, T.Independent Consultant, Monrovia, CA, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Venkatapathy, E.NASA Ames Research Center, 94035, Moffett Field, CA, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Waite, J. H.Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:29 July 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Experimental Astronomy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Keywords:Entry probes; Giant planets; Formation; Composition; Atmospheres
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project PLATO - PMC and Science
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Deposited By: Cabrera Perez, Juan
Deposited On:06 Jan 2022 09:35
Last Modified:04 Dec 2023 12:37

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