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Model-Based Electrolyte Design for Rechargeable Zinc Ion Batteries

Herrmann, Niklas and Horstmann, Birger (2021) Model-Based Electrolyte Design for Rechargeable Zinc Ion Batteries. ISE 72nd Annual Meeting, 29. Aug - 03. Sep. 2021, Jeju Island, Korea.

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Abstract

Materials for next-generation batteries are optimized and characterized in terms of energy- and power density. Nevertheless, the growing market for stationary energy storage needs affordable and safe cell chemistries. Zinc-metal electrodes are highly successful in primary alkaline and zinc-air batteries due to their high specific energy and the abundance of zinc and have a remarkably high voltage in aqueous electrolytes. As used in commercialized zinc systems, traditional alkaline electrolytes show a Zn/ZnO conversion reaction at the anode. While Zn2+ transport in the electrolyte and its insertion process is broadly adressed [1], neither its specific interaction with different electrolytes nor the influence of the electrolyte on cathodic and anodic reactions is well studied. Furthermore, the limited electrochemical stability window of aqueous electrolytes leads to hydrogen evolution at the anode and H+ insertion at the cathode. All in all, the electrolyte is not an inert, idealistic charge carrier but significantly contributes to cell behaviour and performance. Within zinc-air batteries, we have performed model-based optimization studies of pH adjusted electrolytes [2,3]. To get a deeper understanding of this interplay in zinc-ion batteries, we have developed a model based on equilibrium thermodynamics of the electrolytes speciation interacting with a dynamic cell model. Consistent with simulations for primary alkaline cells, our model for a Zn/MnO2 cell chemistry includes H+ insertion into the cathode, forming MnOOH. Switching to near-neutral electrolytes, the electrolyte speciation and zinc solubility also allow a zinc transport and insertion mechanism [4], which we investigate and study not only for ZnSO4 but also for newly proposed electrolytes such as Zn(OTf)2. In our contribution, we discuss the origin for varying cell performance in the most common electrolytes, compare the electrode capacities by different charge storage processes and investigate the likelihood of hydrogen evolution based on electrolyte choice and rate behaviour.]

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/147456/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Model-Based Electrolyte Design for Rechargeable Zinc Ion Batteries
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Herrmann, NiklasNiklas.Borchers (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9618-3723
Horstmann, Birgerbirger.horstmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1500-0578
Date:2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Battery Modelling; Zinc-Ion Batteries; Full-Cell Modelling; Electrolyte Speciation
Event Title:ISE 72nd Annual Meeting
Event Location:Jeju Island, Korea
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:29. Aug - 03. Sep. 2021
Organizer:International Society of Electrochemistry
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Materials and Technologies for the Energy Transition
HGF - Program Themes:Electrochemical Energy Storage
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E VS - Combustion Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage
Location: Ulm
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: Herrmann, Niklas
Deposited On:23 Dec 2021 10:11
Last Modified:23 Dec 2021 10:11

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