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Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes

Horstmann, Birger and Shi, Jiayan and Amine, Rachid and Werres, Martin and He, Xin and Jia, Hao and Hausen, Florian and Cekic-Laskovic, Isidora and Wiemers-Meyer, Simon and Lopez, Jeffrey and Diego, Galvez-Aranda and Florian, Baakes and Bresser, Dominik and Su, Chi-Cheung and Xu, Yaobin and Xu, Wu and Jakes, Peter and Eichel, Rüdiger-A. and Figgemeier, Egbert and Krewer, Ulrike and Seminario, Jorge M. and Balbuena, Perla B. and Wang, Chongmin and Passerini, Stefano and Yang, Shao-Horn and Winter, Martin and Amine, Khalil and Kostecki, Robert and Latz, Arnulf (2021) Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes. Energy and Environmental Science, 2021 (14), pp. 5289-5314. Royal Chemical Society. doi: 10.1039/D1EE00767J. ISSN 1754-5692.

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Official URL: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2021/EE/D1EE00767J


Despite the continuous increase in capacity, lithium-ion intercalation batteries are approaching their performance limits. As a result, research is intensifying on next-generation battery technologies. The use of a lithium metal anode promises the highest theoretical energy density and enables use of lithium-free or novel high-energy cathodes. However, the lithium metal anode suffers from poor morphological stability and Coulombic efficiency during cycling, especially in liquid electrolytes. In contrast to solid electrolytes, liquid electrolytes have the advantage of high ionic conductivity and good wetting of the anode, despite the lithium metal volume change during cycling. Rapid capacity fade due to inhomogeneous deposition and dissolution of lithium is the main hindrance to the successful utilization of the lithium metal anode in combination with liquid electrolytes. In this perspective, we discuss how experimental and theoretical insights can provide possible pathways for reversible cycling of two-dimensional lithium metal. Therefore, we discuss improvements in the understanding of lithium metal nucleation, deposition, and stripping on the nanoscale. As the solid–electrolyte interphase (SEI) plays a key role in the lithium morphology, we discuss how the proper SEI design might allow stable cycling. We highlight recent advances in conventional and (localized) highly concentrated electrolytes in view of their respective SEIs. We also discuss artificial interphases and three-dimensional host frameworks, which show prospects of mitigating morphological instabilities and suppressing large shape change on the electrode level.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/147404/
Document Type:Article
Title:Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Horstmann, BirgerUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1500-0578
Shi, JiayanArgonne National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8432-240X
Amine, RachidArgonne National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0692-8331
Werres, MartinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7199-4848
He, XinLawrence Berkeley National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0272-9079
Jia, HaoPacific Northwest National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2814-5589
Hausen, FlorianForschungszentrum Jülichhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5712-6761
Cekic-Laskovic, IsidoraForschungszentrum Jülichhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1116-1574
Wiemers-Meyer, SimonUniversity of Münsterhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8608-4521
Lopez, JeffreyMassachusetts Institute of Technologyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6425-5550
Diego, Galvez-ArandaTexas A&M Universityhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5427-0220
Florian, BaakesKarlsruhe Institute of Technologyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6876-0020
Bresser, DominikKarlsruhe Institute of Technologyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6429-6048
Xu, YaobinPacific Northwest National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9945-3514
Xu, WuPacific Northwest National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2685-8684
Jakes, PeterForschungszentrum JülichUNSPECIFIED
Eichel, Rüdiger-A.Forschungszentrum Jülichhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0013-6325
Figgemeier, EgbertUniversity of Münsterhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6621-7419
Krewer, UlrikeKarlsruhe Institute of Technologyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5984-5935
Seminario, Jorge M.Texas A&M Universityhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5397-9281
Balbuena, Perla B.Texas A&M Universityhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2358-3910
Wang, ChongminPacific Northwest National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3327-0958
Passerini, StefanoKarlsruhe Institute of Technologyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6606-5304
Yang, Shao-HornMassachusetts Institute of Technologyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8714-2121
Winter, MartinUniversity of Münsterhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4176-5811
Amine, KhalilArgonne National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9206-3719
Kostecki, RobertLawrence Berkeley National Laboratoryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4014-8232
Latz, ArnulfUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1449-8172
Date:29 July 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Energy and Environmental Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 5289-5314
Publisher:Royal Chemical Society
Keywords:lithium metal batteries, interphases, novel liquid electrolytes, electrode design
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Materials and Technologies for the Energy Transition
HGF - Program Themes:Electrochemical Energy Storage
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Storage
Location: Ulm
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: Werres, Martin Alexander
Deposited On:23 Dec 2021 21:02
Last Modified:23 Dec 2021 21:02

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