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Transport mode use during the COVID-19 lockdown period in Germany: The car became more important, public transport lost ground

Eisenmann, Christine and Nobis, Claudia and Kolarova, Viktoriya and Lenz, Barbara and Winkler, Christian (2021) Transport mode use during the COVID-19 lockdown period in Germany: The car became more important, public transport lost ground. Transport Policy (103), pp. 60-67. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.01.012. ISSN 0967-070X.

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Abstract

As a result of the coronavirus pandemic, in spring 2020 numerous protective measures were taken in Germany and all over the world. This has changed our everyday life and our mobility considerably. It is in question whether and how the pandemic and the lockdown have impacted transport mode use, attitudes towards transport modes and the ownership of individual mobility options during the lockdown period. In order to shed light on these essential aspects of transport policy, we carried out a representative travel survey in Germany during the strictest period of lockdown in the beginning of April. We have analysed overall and individual changes in transport mode usage and attitudes towards transport modes, focussing on the bicycle, the car and public transport. Also, the changes in the perception of individual mobility options with a focus on car-free households were investigated. Our results indicate that public transport lost ground during the particularly restricted period of lockdown while individual modes of transport, especially the private car, became more important. Our findings are highly relevant for transport policy when developing measures for expanding the possibilities for sustainable individual transport and developing concepts that strengthen public transport. These aspects are key for achieving a sustainable transport system in the medium- and long-term despite the coronavirus pandemic.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/147313/
Document Type:Article
Title:Transport mode use during the COVID-19 lockdown period in Germany: The car became more important, public transport lost ground
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Eisenmann, ChristineChristine.Eisenmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Nobis, ClaudiaClaudia.Nobis (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kolarova, ViktoriyaViktoriya.Kolarova (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lenz, BarbaraBarbara.Lenz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Winkler, ChristianChristian.Winkler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2021
Journal or Publication Title:Transport Policy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.01.012
Page Range:pp. 60-67
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0967-070X
Status:Published
Keywords:Travel behaviour, Transport mode use, COVID-19, Attitude, Multimodality, Travel survey
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Passenger Transport
Institute of Transport Research > Leitungsbereich VF
Deposited By: Nobis, Claudia
Deposited On:10 Dec 2021 19:17
Last Modified:10 Dec 2021 19:17

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