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Disciplinary Implications of a System Architecting Approach to Collaborative Aircraft Design

Walther, Jan-Niclas and Ciampa, Pier Davide and Nagel, Björn (2021) Disciplinary Implications of a System Architecting Approach to Collaborative Aircraft Design. In: 14th World Congress of Computational Mechanics and ECCOMAS Congress, WCCM-ECCOMAS 2020. 14th WCCM ECCOMAS Congress 2020, 11.-15. Jan. 2021, Paris, France. doi: 10.23967/wccm-eccomas.2020.122. ISSN 2696-6999.

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Abstract

In the face of growing public awareness of environmental issues such as climate change, the pressure to provide efficient and ecological new air transport solutions is higher than ever on the aviation community. To this aim, unconventional aircraft configurations, which are radically different from the established tube-and-wing architecture, may hold a lot of potential. However, OEMs today usually shy away from such configurations due to the significantly increased uncertainty and entrepreneurial risk connected to such drastic design changes. In order to reduce the risk and increase knowledge about a new configuration, the application of physics-based analyses on a virtual aircraft can add significant value, when applied in the early stages of the design process by bringing new technologies to higher TRLs quickly. Due to the highly multidisciplinary nature of the aircraft design task, the success of this approach largely depends not only on the well-organized handling of the available product data at any point in the design process but also the smart sequencing of the disciplinary contributions based on their mutual dependencies. In this paper, a methodology for an integrated and collaborative approach to preliminary aircraft design is presented. It applies several well established components, such as CPACS (Common Parametric Aircraft Configuration Schema) as a central product data schema and RCE (Remote Component Environment) which enables an automated collaborative approach to aircraft design and combines them with methods from system architecting and model-based engineering. Furthermore, the requirements for a disciplinary analysis and design tool to contribute to an integrated multidisciplinary design process are highlighted. Three examples are given, assuming the perspective of a structural designer: - An unmanned aerial vehicle from the AGILE project, where a cross-organizational workflow has been set up in order to perform aero-structural MDO on the wing planform. - A Prandtl-plane configuration from the Parsifal project. Here, a tail plane design and sizing is performed using data collected from a variety of partners. - A conventional configuration from the InDiCaD project, where the structural layout is designed in tandem with the cabin. The example cases demonstrate the initial investment necessary in order to integrate a disciplinary tool into a multidisciplinary environment as well as the potential benefits of being able to perform the analysis within a larger context.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/147055/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Disciplinary Implications of a System Architecting Approach to Collaborative Aircraft Design
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Walther, Jan-NiclasJan-Niclas.Walther (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5738-658X
Ciampa, Pier DavidePier.Ciampa (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1652-4899
Nagel, BjörnBjoern.Nagel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8076-9853
Date:11 January 2021
Journal or Publication Title:14th World Congress of Computational Mechanics and ECCOMAS Congress, WCCM-ECCOMAS 2020
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.23967/wccm-eccomas.2020.122
ISSN:2696-6999
Status:Published
Keywords:System Architecting, Collaborative Engineering, MDO, CPACS, Computational Aeroelasticity, Preliminary Aircraft Design, Structural Analysis and Design
Event Title:14th WCCM ECCOMAS Congress 2020
Event Location:Paris, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:11.-15. Jan. 2021
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Efficient Vehicle
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L EV - Efficient Vehicle
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Virtual Aircraft and  Validation
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of System Architectures in Aeronautics > Cabin and Payload Systems
Institute of System Architectures in Aeronautics > Aircraft Design and System Integration
Deposited By: Walther, Jan-Niclas
Deposited On:13 Dec 2021 07:53
Last Modified:27 Jul 2022 15:06

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