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A Backwards Compatible Approach to Counter Spoofing Attacks on the Automatic Identification System

Struck, Malte Christian and Stoppe, Jannis (2021) A Backwards Compatible Approach to Counter Spoofing Attacks on the Automatic Identification System. In: 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience, CSR 2021. 2021 IEEE Internation Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience, 26.07.2021 - 28.07.2021, Virtual Conference. doi: 10.1109/CSR51186.2021.9527954. ISBN 978-166540285-9.

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Official URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9527954/

Abstract

Since the Automatic Identification System (AIS) has been introduced in 2002, it has become a backbone of maritime navigation to prevent collisions with other vessels. All larger ships are equipped with transponders that send and receive information about nearby vessels, giving bridge crew a situational awareness picture of their immediate vicinity and allowing a broad range of services to receive information about worldwide vessel movements. However, despite its ubiquity, the system itself operates virtually unsecured. Essentially, despite relying on inherently insecure channels and broadcasts, authenticity of messages is not questioned in current systems, making the system vulnerable to spoofing attacks. This paper introduces several backwards compatible signature schemes and compares them concerning their applicability. The proposed solutions all provide means to secure the channels in use against spoofing attacks and at the same time solve current issues concerning the validation of messages, securing AIS as a whole without breaking established implementations.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/146789/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:A Backwards Compatible Approach to Counter Spoofing Attacks on the Automatic Identification System
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Struck, Malte ChristianMalte.Struck (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8746-7089
Stoppe, JannisJannis.Stoppe (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2952-3422
Date:2021
Journal or Publication Title:2021 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience, CSR 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1109/CSR51186.2021.9527954
ISBN:978-166540285-9
Status:Published
Keywords:AIS, maritime, cyber security, collision prevention, digital signature, vessels
Event Title:2021 IEEE Internation Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience
Event Location:Virtual Conference
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26.07.2021 - 28.07.2021
Organizer:IEEE
HGF - Research field:other
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:no assignment
DLR - Program:no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):no assignment
Location: Bremerhaven
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for the Protection of Maritime Infrastructures > Maritime Security Technologies
Deposited By: Struck, Malte Christian
Deposited On:21 Dec 2021 12:36
Last Modified:21 Dec 2021 12:36

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