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Abundance of water oceans on high-density exoplanets from coupled interior-atmosphere modeling

Baumeister, Philipp and Tosi, Nicola and MacKenzie, Jasmine and Grenfell, John Lee (2021) Abundance of water oceans on high-density exoplanets from coupled interior-atmosphere modeling. German-Swiss Geodynamics Workshop 2021, 29. Aug. - 1. Sept. 2021, Bad Belzig, Deutschland.

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Abstract

Liquid water is generally assumed to be the an essential factor for the emergence of life, and so a major goal in exoplanet science is the search for planets with water oceans. On terrestrial planets, the silicate mantle is a large source of water, which can be outgassed into the atmosphere via volcanism. Outgassing is subject to a series of feedback processes between atmosphere and interior, which continually shape both atmospheric composition, pressure, and temperature, as well as interior dynamics [1,2]. We present the results of an extensive parameter study, where we use a newly developed 1D numerical model to simulate the coupled evolution of the atmosphere and interior of terrestrial exoplanets up to 5 Earth masses around Sun-like stars, with internal structures ranging from Moon-to Mercury-like. The model accounts for the main mechanisms controlling the global-scale, long-term evolution of stagnant-lid rocky planets (i.e. bodies without plate tectonics), and it includes a large number of atmosphere-interior feedback processes, such as a CO2 weathering cycle, volcanic outgassing, a water cycle between ocean and atmosphere, greenhouse heating, as well as the influence of a potential primordial H2 atmosphere, which can be lost through escape processes.We find that a significant majority of high-density exoplanets(i.e. Mercury-like planets with large metallic cores) are able to outgas and sustain water on their surface. In contrast, most planets with intermediate, Earth-like densities either transition into a runaway greenhouse regime due to strong CO2 outgassing,or retain part of their primordial atmosphere, which prevents water from being outgassed. This suggests that high-density planets could be the most promising targets when searching for suitable candidates for hosting liquid water. [1] Tosi, N. et al. The habitability of a stagnant-lid earth. A&A605, A71 (2017). [2] Noack, L., Rivoldini, A. & Van Hoolst, T. Volcanism and outgassing of stagnant-lid planets: Implications for the habitable zone. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 269, 40-57 (2017).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/146526/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Abundance of water oceans on high-density exoplanets from coupled interior-atmosphere modeling
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Baumeister, PhilippPhilipp.Baumeister (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9284-0143
Tosi, Nicolanicola.tosi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
MacKenzie, JasmineTechnische Universität Berlin, Zentrum für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Hardenbergstraße 36, 10623 BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Grenfell, John LeeLee.Grenfell (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:31 August 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:exoplanet, interior, outgassing, atmosphere, volcanism, geodynamics, habitability
Event Title:German-Swiss Geodynamics Workshop 2021
Event Location:Bad Belzig, Deutschland
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:29. Aug. - 1. Sept. 2021
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Planetary Evolution and Life, R - Exploration of the Solar System
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Institute of Planetary Research > Extrasolar Planets and Atmospheres
Deposited By: Baumeister, Philipp
Deposited On:01 Dec 2021 08:48
Last Modified:01 Dec 2021 08:48

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