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Impact of higher-resolved satellite-based land cover classification on near surface wind speed forecasts

Baier, Frank and Metz-Marconcini, Annekatrin and Esch, Thomas and Schroedter-Homscheidt, Marion (2021) Impact of higher-resolved satellite-based land cover classification on near surface wind speed forecasts. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, pp. 1-16. Borntraeger Science Publishers. doi: 10.1127/metz/2021/1085. ISSN 0941-2948.

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Within the project "LandCover4Wind", we investigate the potential for improving 24h mesoscale wind speed forecasts at altitudes of interest for wind energy applications by using different highresolution satellite-based land cover maps such as the Global Land Cover Characterization (GLCC) from the US Geological Survey (USGS), MODIS collection 5 dataset (MODIS LCC), and the European CORINE Land Cover (CLC). The Advanced Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model version 3.9 was run at three different grid resolutions covering a wide range of weather conditions during July and November 2015. We evaluate results by tower measurements at 10, 40 and 98 m altitude for the rural station Falkenberg in the eastern part of Germany characterized by flat and open terrain. We test different configurations for model domain horizontal resolution, land cover classification (LCC) data, and land surface and boundary layer physics. We discuss the need of transforming native LCC spatial resolution to lower WRF domain grid resolutions and transforming different thematic resolutions in LCC datasets into the less-resolving WRF classes. In general, comparisons show better forecast performance for the stormy November period compared to hotsummer July conditions. Especially, correlations are significantly higher in November. All experiments show a positive wind speed bias which changes with altitude, time of day and model configuration. With respect to LCC, CLC shows the smallest wind speed errors while GLCC performs2 worst. Two different land surface models NOAH LSM and 5-layer thermal diffusion scheme (5LD) are tested in combination with Mellor-Yamada-Janjic (MYJ) and Yonsei University (YSU) boundary layer modules. In general NOAH-MYJ performs best with CLC for November conditions, while it gives worst results with MODIS LCC for July conditions. For any given LCC, results depend significantly on the WRF land surface and boundary layer physics configuration and the performance on a daily base varies considerably depending on the test metric and model configuration. Results show only a weak dependency on domain resolution with increasing biases with increasing resolution. In summary, using a high resolution LCC dataset as the CLC proves to be valuable for wind speed forecasts.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145915/
Document Type:Article
Title:Impact of higher-resolved satellite-based land cover classification on near surface wind speed forecasts
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Metz-Marconcini, AnnekatrinUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0002-3896-4705UNSPECIFIED
Esch, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5868-9045UNSPECIFIED
Schroedter-Homscheidt, MarionUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1854-903XUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1-16
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Publisher:Borntraeger Science Publishers
Keywords:satellite-based land cover classification, mesoscale wind speed forecasts, data and model resolution, wind tower measurements
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Atmospheric and climate research, E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis, OL
Deposited By: Baier, Dr.rer.nat. Frank
Deposited On:25 Nov 2021 11:17
Last Modified:14 Jan 2022 11:43

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