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A new climatological electron density model for supporting space weather services

Hoque, Mohammed Mainul and Jakowski, Norbert and Prol, Fabricio (2021) A new climatological electron density model for supporting space weather services. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate. EDP Sciences. doi: 10.1051/swsc/202104. ISSN 2115-7251.

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Official URL: https://www.swsc-journal.org/articles/swsc/full_html/2022/01/swsc200107/swsc200107.html

Abstract

The ionosphere is the ionized part of the Earth atmosphere, ranging from about 60 km up to several Earth radii whereas the upper part above about 1000 km height up to the plasmapause is usually called the plasmasphere. We present a new three-dimensional electron density model aiming for supporting space weather services and mitigation of propagation errors for trans-ionospheric signals. The model is developed by superposing the Neustrelitz Plasmasphere Model (NPSM) to an ionosphere model composed of separate F and E-layer distributions. It uses the Neustrelitz TEC model (NTCM), Neustrelitz Peak Density Model (NPDM) and the Neustrelitz Peak Height Model (NPHM) for the total electron content (TEC), peak ionization and peak height information. These models describe the spatial and temporal variability of the key parameters as function of local time, geographic/geomagnetic location, solar irradiation and activity. The model is particularly developed to calculate the electron concentration at any given location and time in the ionosphere for trans-ionospheric applications and named as the Neustrelitz Electron Density Model (NEDM2020). A comprehensive validation study is conducted against electron density in-situ data from DMSP and Swarm, Van Allen Probes and ICON missions, and topside TEC data from COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 mission, bottom side TEC data from TOPEX/Poseidon mission and ground-based TEC data from International GNSS Service (IGS) covering both high and low solar activity conditions. Additionally, the model performance is compared with the 3D electron density model NeQuick2. Our investigation shows that the NEDM2020 performs better than the NeQuick2 when compared with the in-situ data from Van Allen Probes and ICON satellites and TEC data from COSMIC and TOPEX/Poseidon missions. When compared with DMSP and IGS TEC data both NEDM2020 and NeQuick2 perform very similarly.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145899/
Document Type:Article
Title:A new climatological electron density model for supporting space weather services
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hoque, Mohammed MainulMainul.Hoque (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jakowski, NorbertNorbert.Jakowski (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3174-2624
Prol, FabricioFabricio.DosSantosProl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7206-1705
Date:2021
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.1051/swsc/202104
Publisher:EDP Sciences
ISSN:2115-7251
Status:Published
Keywords:Ionosphere Electron Density Model, NEDM, TEC, GNSS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KNQ - Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Ionosphere
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics > Space Weather Observation
Deposited By: Hoque, Mohammed Mainul
Deposited On:31 Oct 2022 17:52
Last Modified:31 Oct 2022 17:52

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