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Science goals and new mission concepts for future exploration of Titan's atmosphere geology and habitability: Titan POlar Scout/orbitEr and In situ lake lander and DrONe explorer (POSEIDON)

Rodriguez, Sebastien and Vinatier, S. and Cordier, D. and Tobie, G. and Achterberg, R. and Anderson, C. M. and Badman, S.V. and Barnes, J. and Barth, E. and Bezard, B. and Carrasco, N. and Charnay, B. and Clark, R. and Coll, P. and Cornet, T. and Coustenis, A and Couturier-Tamburelli, I. and Dobrijevic, M. and Flasar, F. M. and de Kok, Remco and Freissinet, C and Galand, M. and Gautier, T. and Geppert, W.D. and Griffith, C. and Gudipati, M. and Hadid, L. Z. and Hayes, A. and Hendrix, A. and Jaumann, R. and Jennings, Donald E. and Jolly, A. and Kalousova, K. and Koskinen, T. T. and Lavvas, P. and Lebonnois, S. and Lebreton, J.-P. and Le Gall, A. and Lellouch, E. and Le Mouelic, S. and Lopes, R. and Lora, J. M. and Lorenz, R. D. and Lucas, A. and MacKenzie, S.M. and Malaska, M. J. and Mandt, K.E. and Mastrogiuseppe, M and Newman, C. and Nixon, C. A. and Radebaugh, J. and Rafkin, S. and Rannou, P. and Sciamma-O-Brien, E. M. and Soderblom, J. and Solomonidou, A. and Sotin, C and Stephan, Katrin and Strobel, D. F. and Szopa, C. and Teanby, N. and Turtle, E. and Vuitton, V. and West, R. (2022) Science goals and new mission concepts for future exploration of Titan's atmosphere geology and habitability: Titan POlar Scout/orbitEr and In situ lake lander and DrONe explorer (POSEIDON). Experimental Astronomy. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s10686-021-09815-8. ISSN 0922-6435.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10686-021-09815-8

Abstract

In response to ESA’s “Voyage 2050” announcement of opportunity, we propose an ambitious L-class mission to explore one of the most exciting bodies in the Solar System, Saturn’s largest moon Titan. Titan, a “world with two oceans”, is an organic-rich body with interior-surface-atmosphere interactions that are comparable in complexity to the Earth. Titan is also one of the few places in the Solar System with habitability potential. Titan’s remarkable nature was only partly revealed by the Cassini-Huygens mission and still holds mysteries requiring a complete exploration using a variety of vehicles and instruments. The proposed mission concept POSEIDON (Titan POlar Scout/orbitEr and In situ lake lander DrONe explorer) would perform joint orbital and in situ investigations of Titan. It is designed to build on and exceed the scope and scientific/technological accomplishments of Cassini-Huygens, exploring Titan in ways that were not previously possible, in particular through full close-up and in situ coverage over long periods of time. In the proposed mission architecture, POSEIDON consists of two major elements: a spacecraft with a large set of instruments that would orbit Titan, preferably in a low-eccentricity polar orbit, and a suite of in situ investigation components, i.e. a lake lander, a “heavy” drone (possibly amphibious) and/or a fleet of mini-drones, dedicated to the exploration of the polar regions. The ideal arrival time at Titan would be slightly before the next northern Spring equinox (2039), as equinoxes are the most active periods to monitor still largely unknown atmospheric and surface seasonal changes. The exploration of Titan’s northern latitudes with an orbiter and in situ element(s) would be highly complementary in terms of timing (with possible mission timing overlap), locations, and science goals with the upcoming NASA New Frontiers Dragonfly mission that will provide in situ exploration of Titan’s equatorial regions, in the mid-2030s.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145644/
Document Type:Article
Title:Science goals and new mission concepts for future exploration of Titan's atmosphere geology and habitability: Titan POlar Scout/orbitEr and In situ lake lander and DrONe explorer (POSEIDON)
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Rodriguez, SebastienLaboratoire AIM, Centre d’e˜tude de Saclay, DAPNIA/Sap, Centre de l’orme des Mérisiers, bât. 709, 91191 Gif/Yvette Cedex, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Vinatier, S.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Cordier, D.Univ Franche Comte, Inst UTINAM, CNRS INSU, UMR 6213, Observ Sci Univers THETA, F-25030 Besancon, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Tobie, G.Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique, 2 rue de la Houssinière, 44322 NantesUNSPECIFIED
Achterberg, R.Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USAUNSPECIFIED
Anderson, C. M.Planetary Systems Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USAUNSPECIFIED
Badman, S.V.ISAS, JAXA, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Barnes, J.University IdahoUNSPECIFIED
Barth, E.Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Bezard, B.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, niversité de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Carrasco, N.Univ Paris 06, Univ Versailles St Quentin, CNRS, LATMOS, F-78280 Guyancourt, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Charnay, B.LESIA,Observatoire de Paris, PSL-Research Univ., CNRS, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 06, Sorbonne Univ., Univ. Paris-Diderot, Sorbonne Paris-Cité, Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Clark, R.United States Geological Survey, Denver, CO 80225, USAUNSPECIFIED
Coll, P.LISA, Universités Paris 12 and Paris 7, Créteil, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Cornet, T.Aurora Technology BV for ESA, European Space Agency, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Coustenis, ALESIA, Observatoire de MeudonUNSPECIFIED
Couturier-Tamburelli, I.Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345, 13013 Marseille, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Dobrijevic, M.Univ. Bordeaux, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270 Floirac, France and CNRS, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270 Floirac, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Flasar, F. M.NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USAUNSPECIFIED
de Kok, RemcoDepartment of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Freissinet, CLATMOS/IPSL, UVSQ Université Paris-Saclay, Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Galand, M.Imperial College, London, UKUNSPECIFIED
Gautier, T.Goddards Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, USAUNSPECIFIED
Geppert, W.D.Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, SwedenUNSPECIFIED
Griffith, C.University of ArizonaUNSPECIFIED
Gudipati, M.nasa jet propulsion laboratory, pasadena, ca 91109, usaUNSPECIFIED
Hadid, L. Z.Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas (LPP), CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Université Paris Saclay, Ecole polytechnique, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, 91120 Palaiseau, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Hayes, A.Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hendrix, A.Planetary Science Institute, (Tucson, AZ)UNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, R.FU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Jennings, Donald E.Goddard, USAUNSPECIFIED
Jolly, A.CNRS et Universités Paris Est et Paris 7, Laboratoire Inter-Universitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques, 94010 Créteil, FRANCEUNSPECIFIED
Kalousova, K.Jet Propulsion Laboratory-California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Koskinen, T. T.Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lavvas, P.LPL, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lebonnois, S.Laboratoire de Meteorologie DynamiqueUNSPECIFIED
Lebreton, J.-P.LPC2E, CNRS Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Le Gall, A.Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales (LATMOS-UVSQ), Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Lellouch, E.Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Le Mouelic, S.Uni. of NantesUNSPECIFIED
Lopes, R.NASA/JPLUNSPECIFIED
Lora, J. M.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Yale University, 210 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, R. D.Space Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab, Maryland 20723-6099, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lucas, A.Laboratoire Astrophysique, Instrumentation et Modélisation (AIM), CNRS-UMR 7158, Université Paris-Diderot, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, FranceUNSPECIFIED
MacKenzie, S.M.John Hopkins University, Laurel, USAUNSPECIFIED
Malaska, M. J.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USAUNSPECIFIED
Mandt, K.E.SW Res Inst, Space & Sci Engn Div, San Antonio, TX 78238, USAUNSPECIFIED
Mastrogiuseppe, MU. Roma La Sapienza, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Newman, C.Aeolis Research, 333 N. Dobson Road, Unit 5, Chandler, AZ 85224, USAUNSPECIFIED
Nixon, C. A.NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA; Department of Astronomy, Univesity of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USAUNSPECIFIED
Radebaugh, J.Department of Geological Sciences, Brigham Young University, S-389 ESC, Provo, UT 84602, USAUNSPECIFIED
Rafkin, S.Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Rannou, P.Service d’Ae´ronomie, Universite de Versailles-St-Quentin, Verrie´res le Buisson, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Sciamma-O-Brien, E. M.Space Science and Astrobiology Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mofett Field, CA 94035, USAUNSPECIFIED
Soderblom, J.Department of Planetary Sciences, University of Arizona, Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 1629 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721-0092, USAUNSPECIFIED
Solomonidou, A.jet propulsion laboratory, california institute of technology, pasadena, california, usaUNSPECIFIED
Sotin, CUniversité de NantesUNSPECIFIED
Stephan, KatrinKatrin.Stephan (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Strobel, D. F.The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD 20723, USAUNSPECIFIED
Szopa, C.Université Versialles, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. ParisUNSPECIFIED
Teanby, N.School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queens Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UKUNSPECIFIED
Turtle, E.University of Arizona, Tucson, AZUNSPECIFIED
Vuitton, V.University of Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, FranceUNSPECIFIED
West, R.European Southern Observatory, GarchingUNSPECIFIED
Date:2022
Journal or Publication Title:Experimental Astronomy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1007/s10686-021-09815-8
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0922-6435
Status:Published
Keywords:Poseidon, space mission concept, Titan
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Exploration of the Solar System
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Stephan, Dr.rer.nat. Katrin
Deposited On:12 Jan 2022 08:13
Last Modified:12 Jan 2022 08:13

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