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One goal, one approach? A comparative analysis of online grocery strategies in France and Germany

Seidel, Saskia (2021) One goal, one approach? A comparative analysis of online grocery strategies in France and Germany. Case Studies on Transport Policy. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.cstp.2021.10.013. ISSN 2213-624X.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2213624X21001759?via%3Dihub

Abstract

With an ever-growing variety of sales formats, food retailers are striving to cover all customers’ needs. This includes setting up online sales, which involve adjustments in companies’ logistics processes. This paper reveals which logistics processes are affected and what effects these changes have on the transport and logistics of groceries. The paper examines the following questions: 1) What are the characteristics of the online grocery market? 2) Which challenges do retailers face in the online market? 3) And what strategies, in particular which logistics and distribution strategies, do they use to meet these challenges and with what success? The research is based on expert interviews combined with in-depth desk research. The paper focuses on the German and French online grocery market, where the forms of supply differ greatly. Applying a systematic research methodology, the paper first describes what types of online grocery services are currently available, mainly distinguishing between home delivery and collection options. The different patterns of storage and picking are compared in terms of their strengths and weaknesses and by assigning them to a modular scheme. The next step examines logistics processes and online sales-related distribution strategies, whereby most challenges are shown to be operational and optimisation is a challenge due to low margins. Consequently, existing location structures are often used, but new ones are also created. A typology of online logistics strategies and distribution organisations is derived with regard to the impact of online sales strategies on the logistics and transport structure. The paper concludes with a discussion of these impacts and an overview of future opportunities.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145330/
Document Type:Article
Title:One goal, one approach? A comparative analysis of online grocery strategies in France and Germany
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Seidel, SaskiaSaskia.Seidel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:6 November 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Case Studies on Transport Policy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.cstp.2021.10.013
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2213-624X
Status:Published
Keywords:online groceryfood retaillogistics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Commercial Transport
Deposited By: Seidel, Saskia
Deposited On:07 Dec 2021 22:19
Last Modified:07 Dec 2021 22:19

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