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Zooming in on localized carbon dioxide emissions from space: the CO2Image demonstrator

Butz, André and Strandgren, Johan and Wilzewski, Jonas and Baumgartner, Andreas and Gottschaldt, Klaus-Dirk and Jöckel, Patrick and Kern, Bastian and Köhler, Claas Henning and Lichtenberg, Günter and Marshall, Julia and Paproth, Carsten and Scheidweiler, Leon and Sebastian, Ilse and Slijkhuis, Sander and Frankenberg, Christian and Krutz, David and Roiger, Anke (2021) Zooming in on localized carbon dioxide emissions from space: the CO2Image demonstrator. In: The 17th International Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Measurements from Space. IWGGMS 17, 14-17 Jun 2021, Online.

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Official URL: https://cce-datasharing.gsfc.nasa.gov/conferences/absbyid/50/25/h/1/

Abstract

Monitoring anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) from space is one of the key components of the global and national-scale carbon monitoring systems currently being developed to support and verify greenhouse gas emission reduction measures. Current and planned satellite missions such as JAXA's GOSAT and NASA's OCO series and the European Copernicus Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide Monitoring (CO2M) mission aim at budgeting national and regional-scale emissions down to scales of large urban agglomerations and large point-sources with typical emissions in excess of 10 MtCO2/year. Here, we report on the continued evaluation of our mission concept "CO2Image" to be flown within the DLR CompactSatellite program. The mission is designed to complement the suite of planned CO2 sensors by zooming in on facility-scale emissions down to source strengths of 1 MtCO2/year. A fleet of CO2Image sensors would enable roughly 80% of the CO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants to be monitored. The enabling feature of the mission will be a target region approach covering target tiles of ~50x50km2 extent with ground-resolution as fine as 50x50m2. Thereby, CO2Image will allow for exhaust plumes from individual localized sources to be resolved, essentially providing super-resolution nests for survey missions such as CO2M. We outline the mission and sensor concept for a demonstrator mission compatible with launch as early as the year 2025 and we evaluate the prospective performance of the demonstrator in terms of spectral resolution, spectral coverage, noise and systematic errors, and radiometric error sources such as scene heterogeneity.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145264/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Zooming in on localized carbon dioxide emissions from space: the CO2Image demonstrator
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Butz, AndréUniv. Heidelberghttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0593-1608
Strandgren, Johannow at EUMETSAThttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7876-5845
Wilzewski, JonasJonas.Wilzewski (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1392-2966
Baumgartner, AndreasAndreas.Baumgartner (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8495-5407
Gottschaldt, Klaus-DirkKlaus-Dirk.Gottschaldt (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2046-6137
Jöckel, PatrickPatrick.Joeckel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8964-1394
Kern, BastianBastian.Kern (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7646-9273
Köhler, Claas Henningclaas.koehler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0127-935X
Lichtenberg, GünterGuenter.Lichtenberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3335-2008
Marshall, JuliaJulia.Marshall (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2648-128X
Paproth, CarstenCarsten.Paproth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Scheidweiler, Leonleon.scheidweiler (at) iup.uni-heidelberg.deUNSPECIFIED
Sebastian, IlseIlse.Sebastian (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Slijkhuis, SanderSander.Slijkhuis (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Frankenberg, Christiancfranken (at) caltech.eduUNSPECIFIED
Krutz, DavidDavid.Krutz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Roiger, Ankeanke.roiger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2021
Journal or Publication Title:The 17th International Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Measurements from Space
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:CO2; Emission; Monitoring; Remote Sensing; Satellite; CO2Image
Event Title:IWGGMS 17
Event Location:Online
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:14-17 Jun 2021
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Atmospheric and climate research, R - Optical remote sensing, R - Project CO2-Emission monitoring, CO2Mon, R - Spectroscopic methods of the atmosphere
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Experimental Methods
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Atmospheric Processors
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Space Instruments
Deposited By: Baumgartner, Andreas
Deposited On:05 Nov 2021 13:17
Last Modified:05 Nov 2021 13:17

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