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EUNADICS-AV early warning system dedicated to support aviation in case of crisis from natural airborne hazards and radionuclide clouds

Brenot, Hugues and Theys, Nicolas and Clarisse, Lieven and van Gent, Jerepon and Hurtmans, Daniel R. and Vandenbussche, Sophie and Papagiannopoulos, Nikolaos and Mona, Lucia and Virtanen, Timo and Uppstu, Andreas and Sofiev, Mikhail and Bugliaro, Luca and Vazquez-Navarro, Margarita and Hedelt, Pascal and Parks, Michelle M. and Barsotti, Sara and Coltelli, Mauro and Moreland, William and Arnold-Arias, Delia and Hirtl, Marcus and Peltonen, Tuamas and Lahtinen, Juhani and Sievers, Klaus and Lipok, Florian and Rüfenacht, Rolf and Haefele, Alexander and Hervo, Maxime and Wagenaar, Saskia and Som de Cerff, Wim and de Laat, Jos and Apituley, Arnoud and Stammes, Piet and Laffineur, Quentin and Delcloo, Andy and Lennart, Robert and Rokitansky, Carl-Herbert and Vargas, Arturo and Kerschbaum, Markus and Resch, Christian and Zopp, Raimund and Plu, Matthieu and Peuch, Vincent-Henri and Van Roozendael, Michel and Wotawa, Gerhard (2021) EUNADICS-AV early warning system dedicated to support aviation in case of crisis from natural airborne hazards and radionuclide clouds. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS), 21, pp. 3367-3405. Copernicus Publications. doi: 10.5194/nhess-21-3367-2021. ISSN 1561-8633.

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Official URL: https://nhess.copernicus.org/articles/21/3367/2021/

Abstract

The purpose of the EUNADICS-AV (European Natural Airborne Disaster Information and Coordination System for Aviation) prototype early warning system (EWS) is to develop the combined use of harmonised data products from satellite, ground-based and in situ instruments to produce alerts of airborne hazards (volcanic, dust, smoke and radionuclide clouds), satisfying the requirement of aviation air traffic management (ATM) stakeholders (https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/723986, last access: 5 November 2021). The alert products developed by the EUNADICS-AV EWS, i.e. near-real-time (NRT) observations, email notifications and netCDF (Network Common Data Form) alert data products (called NCAP files), have shown significant interest in using selective detection of natural airborne hazards from polar-orbiting satellites. The combination of several sensors inside a single global system demonstrates the advantage of using a triggered approach to obtain selective detection from observations, which cannot initially discriminate the different aerosol types. Satellite products from hyperspectral ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) and infrared (IR) sensors (e.g. TROPOMI - TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument - and IASI - Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer) and a broadband geostationary imager (Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager; SEVIRI) and retrievals from ground-based networks (e.g. EARLINET - European Aerosol Research Lidar Network, E-PROFILE and the regional network from volcano observatories) are combined by our system to create tailored alert products (e.g. selective ash detection, SO2 column and plume height, dust cloud, and smoke from wildfires). A total of 23 different alert products are implemented, using 1 geostationary and 13 polar-orbiting satellite platforms, 3 external existing service, and 2 EU and 2 regional ground-based networks. This allows for the identification and the tracking of extreme events. The EUNADICS-AV EWS has also shown the need to implement a future relay of radiological data (gamma dose rate and radionuclides concentrations in ground-level air) in the case of a nuclear accident. This highlights the interest of operating early warnings with the use of a homogenised dataset. For the four types of airborne hazard, the EUNADICS-AV EWS has demonstrated its capability to provide NRT alert data products to trigger data assimilation and dispersion modelling providing forecasts and inverse modelling for source term estimate. Not all of our alert data products (NCAP files) are publicly disseminated. Access to our alert products is currently restricted to key users (i.e. Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres, national meteorological services, the World Meteorological Organization, governments, volcano observatories and research collaborators), as these are considered pre-decisional products. On the other hand, thanks to the EUNADICS-AV-SACS (Support to Aviation Control Service) web interface (https://sacs.aeronomie.be, last access: 5 November 2021), the main part of the satellite observations used by the EUNADICS-AV EWS is shown in NRT, with public email notification of volcanic emission and delivery of tailored images and NCAP files. All of the ATM stakeholders (e.g. pilots, airlines and passengers) can access these alert products through this free channel.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145241/
Document Type:Article
Title:EUNADICS-AV early warning system dedicated to support aviation in case of crisis from natural airborne hazards and radionuclide clouds
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Brenot, HuguesRoyal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Theys, NicolasRoyal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clarisse, LievenUniv. Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Bhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8805-2141UNSPECIFIED
van Gent, JereponRoyal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hurtmans, Daniel R.Univ. Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vandenbussche, SophieRoyal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Papagiannopoulos, NikolaosCNR-IMAA, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analis Ambientale, Tito (PZ), ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mona, LuciaCNR-IMAA, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analis Ambientale, Tito (PZ), ItalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Virtanen, TimoFinnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), HelsinskjiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uppstu, AndreasFinnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), HelsinskjiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sofiev, MikhailFinnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), HelsinskjiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bugliaro, LucaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vazquez-Navarro, MargaritaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hedelt, PascalUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1752-0040UNSPECIFIED
Parks, Michelle M.Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Barsotti, SaraIcelandic Meteorological Office (IMO), Iceland,UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Coltelli, MauroOsservatorio Etneo, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, CataniaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Moreland, WilliamOsservatorio Etneo, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, CataniaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Arnold-Arias, DeliaZentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG), Vienna, A-1190, AustriaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hirtl, MarcusZentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG), Vienna, A-1190, AustriaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Peltonen, TuamasRadiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), HelsinkiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lahtinen, JuhaniRadiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), HelsinkiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sievers, KlausKlaus Sievers Aviation Weather (KSAW)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lipok, FlorianBridging Markets and Technologies Services Gmbh (BRIMATECH), ViennaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rüfenacht, RolfFederal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwissUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Haefele, AlexanderFederal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwissUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hervo, MaximeFederal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwissUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wagenaar, SaskiaKNMIUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Som de Cerff, WimKNMIUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Laat, JosKNMIUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Apituley, ArnoudKNMIUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stammes, PietKMMIUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Laffineur, QuentinRoyal Meteorological Institute of Belgium (KMI-IRM)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Delcloo, AndyRoyal Meteorological Institute of Belgium (KMI-IRM)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lennart, RobertSwedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rokitansky, Carl-HerbertParis-Lodron-University Salzburg (PLUS)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vargas, ArturoInstitute of Energy Technologies, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kerschbaum, MarkusAustro Control Oesterreichische Gesellschaft für Zivilluftfahrt Mbh (ACG)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Resch, ChristianBundesministerium für Landesverteidigung und Sport (BMLVS)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zopp, RaimundFlightkeys GmbH, Vienna, A-1060, AustriaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Plu, MatthieuCNRM, Université de Toulouse, Météo-France, CNRS, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Peuch, Vincent-HenriNational Centre for Meteorological Research (CNRM/Météo-France)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Van Roozendael, MichelRoyal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, BelgiumUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wotawa, GerhardZentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:10 November 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:21
DOI:10.5194/nhess-21-3367-2021
Page Range:pp. 3367-3405
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1561-8633
Status:Published
Keywords:aviation, natural hazards, early warning
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Operations and Impact Assessment, R - Spectroscopic methods of the atmosphere
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Cloud Physics
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Atmospheric Processors
Deposited By: Bugliaro Goggia, Dr.rer.nat. Luca
Deposited On:05 Nov 2021 15:53
Last Modified:18 Nov 2021 09:54

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