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Spaceflight Virology: What Do We Know about Viral Threats in the Spaceflight Environment?

Pavletić, Bruno and Runzheimer, Katharina and Siems, Katharina and Koch, Stella Marie and Cortesão, Marta and Ramos-Nascimento, Ana and Moeller, Ralf (2022) Spaceflight Virology: What Do We Know about Viral Threats in the Spaceflight Environment? Astrobiology, 22 (2), Online Ahead of Print. Mary Ann Liebert Inc.. doi: 10.1089/ast.2021.0009. ISSN 1531-1074.

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Official URL: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/ast.2021.0009

Abstract

Viruses constitute a significant part of the human microbiome, so wherever humans go, viruses are brought with them, even on space missions. In this mini review, we focus on the International Space Station (ISS) as the only current human habitat in space that has a diverse range of viral genera that infect microorganisms from bacteria to eukaryotes. Thus, we have reviewed the literature on the physical conditions of space habitats that have an impact on both virus transmissibility and interaction with their host, which include UV radiation, ionizing radiation, humidity, and microgravity. Also, we briefly comment on the practices used on space missions that reduce virus spread, that is, use of antimicrobial surfaces, spacecraft sterilization practices, and air filtration. Finally, we turn our attention to the health threats that viruses pose to space travel. Overall, even though efforts are taken to ensure safe conditions during human space travel, for example, preflight quarantines of astronauts, we reflect on the potential risks humans might be exposed to and how those risks might be aggravated in extraterrestrial habitats.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145178/
Document Type:Article
Title:Spaceflight Virology: What Do We Know about Viral Threats in the Spaceflight Environment?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Pavletić, BrunoRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Runzheimer, KatharinaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Siems, KatharinaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Katharina.Siems (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7349-0846
Koch, Stella MarieRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Cortesão, MartaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Marta.Cortesao (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6603-1211
Ramos-Nascimento, AnaRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Moeller, RalfRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany and Natural Sciences Department, University of Applied Sciences Bonn-Rhein-Sieg (BRSU), Rheinbach, Germany; Ralf.Moeller (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0676
Date:3 January 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:22
DOI :10.1089/ast.2021.0009
Page Range:Online Ahead of Print
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
ISSN:1531-1074
Status:Published
Keywords:Virology, Space microbiology, Space medicine Space travel, Decontamination, Virus diversity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project ISS LIFE 2.0
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:10 Jan 2022 08:21
Last Modified:10 Jan 2022 08:21

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