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Coastal monitoring of sea state using airborne GNSS reflected signals

Moreno, Mario and Semmling, Maximilian and Stienne, Georges and Dalil, Wafa and Hoque, Mohammed Mainul and Wickert, Jens and Reboul, Serge (2021) Coastal monitoring of sea state using airborne GNSS reflected signals. In: URSI Deutschland Kleinheubacher Tagung 2021. URSI Deutschland Kleinheubacher Tagung 2021, 28-30 Sep 2021, Miltenberg, Germany.

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Official URL: https://www.kh2021.de/

Abstract

Global Navigation Satellite Systems signals have shown excellent performance in applications such as geodesy and geophysics, timing, defense, meteorology, and many other areas. Most of these applications rely on the signals that directly reach the receivers. However, there is a portion of them that bounce off the Earth's surface before they reach the receiver from which properties of the reflecting surface can be derived by using the GNSS Reflectometry (GNSS-R) technique. The focus of this study is to investigate the possibility of using GNSS-R from low altitude airborne measurements to retrieve the phase, power, and Doppler shift of the reflected signal, and determine their sensitivity to sea state (surface roughness). The experiment consisted of multiple flights at an altitude of ~780m (a.m.s.l) along Opal Coast, between the cities of Calais and Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, from the 12th to the 19th of July 2019. The direct and reflected signals were received by a dual-polarized (Right-Handed and Left-Handed Circular Polarizations) antenna mounted on a gyrocopter. A software receiver is used to process the direct and reflected signals. The reflected signals are tracked and re-tracked aided by the signal path difference between the direct link and the reflected link retrieved from a specular reflection model. The resulting in-phase and quadrature components (at 50Hz rate) of the reflected re-tracked signals are analyzed in the spectral domain every minute to obtain the power estimates, surface reflectivity, and relative Doppler shift. The sensitivity of the reflected signal parameters and the sea state is determined by the correlation between the reflectivity response with wind speed and significant wave height (SWH). The latter two were obtained from the atmospheric, land and oceanic climate model, ERA5, provided by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Initial results have shown an impact in the reflectivity residual (observed minus modeled reflectivity) and the Doppler shift distribution of the reflected signal with respect to wind speed and SWH, depending on the GNSS satellites' elevation. At low elevation events (E<10°), reflectivity residual and wind speed present a Pearson correlation coefficient of -0.73 and the Doppler shift spread shows a correlation of 0.94. At high elevations events (E>30°), the correlation decreases (-0.12 and 0.60, respectively). The impact of receiver position accuracy, antenna gain pattern, or tropospheric/ionospheric disturbance on the retrievals is currently studied.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144728/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Coastal monitoring of sea state using airborne GNSS reflected signals
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Moreno, Mariomario.moreno (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Semmling, Maximilianmaximilian.semmling (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5228-8072
Stienne, GeorgesLaboratoire d’Informatique, Signal et Image de la Côte d’OpaleUNSPECIFIED
Dalil, Wafawafa.dalil.elv (at) eilco-ulco.frUNSPECIFIED
Hoque, Mohammed MainulMainul.Hoque (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wickert, JensGeoForschungszentrum PotsdamUNSPECIFIED
Reboul, SergeLaboratoire d’Informatique, Signal et Image de la Côte d’OpaleUNSPECIFIED
Date:29 September 2021
Journal or Publication Title:URSI Deutschland Kleinheubacher Tagung 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:GNSS Reflectometry, sea state, Doppler spread
Event Title:URSI Deutschland Kleinheubacher Tagung 2021
Event Location:Miltenberg, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28-30 Sep 2021
Organizer:U.R.S.I. Landesausschuss in Deutschland e.V.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KNQ - Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Ionosphere
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics > Space Weather Observation
Deposited By: Moreno Bulla, Mario Andres
Deposited On:15 Nov 2021 11:47
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 11:47

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