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Effects of Ultramarathon Running on Mitochondrial Function of Platelets and Oxidative Stress Parameters: A Pilot Study

Hoppel, Florian and Calabria, Elisa and Pesta, Dominik and Kantner-Rumplmair, Wilhelm and Gnaiger, Erich and Burtscher, Martin (2021) Effects of Ultramarathon Running on Mitochondrial Function of Platelets and Oxidative Stress Parameters: A Pilot Study. Frontiers in Physiology, 12, p. 632664. Frontiers Media S.A. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.632664. ISSN 1664-042X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2021.632664

Abstract

Only a few studies have evaluated changes in mitochondrial function and oxidative stress associated with ultramarathon running. Invasive biopsies are needed to assess mitochondrial function of skeletal muscle, which may not be well tolerated by some individuals. Platelets (PLTs) as a metabolically highly active and homogenous cell population were suggested as a potentially valuable surrogate to investigate mitochondrial function. Thus, this study was aimed to evaluate mitochondrial function of PLTs and its association with individual race performance and markers of oxidative stress, muscle damage and renal dysfunction. Race performance and mitochondrial function (high-resolution respirometry, HRR) of PLTs using different substrates inducing ROUTINE, LEAK, N-pathway control state (Complex I linked oxidative phosphorylation; CI, OXPHOS), NS-pathway control state (CI + II linked OXPHOS and electron transfer pathway; ET), S-pathway control state (CII linked ET) as well as parameters of oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity, and markers of muscle and renal injury were assessed in eight male ultramarathon runners (26–45 years) before, immediately after and 24 h after an ultramarathon race (PRE, POST, and REC). Ultramarathon running induced an increase in LEAK O2 flux of PLT mitochondria and slight, largely non-significant changes in the oxidant/antioxidant balance. Levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine were all significantly elevated POST and remained high in REC. There were inverse correlations between race time and N-linked substrate state PRE-POST, and changes in CK and LDH levels were significantly related to PLT mitochondrial LEAK and N-linked respiration PRE. Although race-related changes in respirometry parameters of PLT mitochondria were rather small, a somewhat more pronounced increase in the relative N-linked respiration in faster runners might suggest PLT CI as indicator of physical fitness. The higher PLT LEAK PRE and diminished increase of CK during the race may represent a prophylactic preconditioning and the slight but non-significant elevation of the antioxidant potential post-race as a protective consequence of the race-related oxidative stress and potential threat to the kidney. Our findings point toward an interrelationship between mitochondrial function of PLTs, individual fitness levels and extreme physical and metal stresses, which stimulates further research.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144667/
Document Type:Article
Title:Effects of Ultramarathon Running on Mitochondrial Function of Platelets and Oxidative Stress Parameters: A Pilot Study
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hoppel, FlorianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Calabria, ElisaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pesta, DominikInstitute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Dominik.Pesta (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5089-3586
Kantner-Rumplmair, WilhelmUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gnaiger, ErichUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Burtscher, MartinDepartment of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria;Martin.Burtscher (at) uibk.ac.atUNSPECIFIED
Date:28 January 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Physiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:12
DOI :10.3389/fphys.2021.632664
Page Range:p. 632664
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A
ISSN:1664-042X
Status:Published
Keywords:acute kidney injury; mitochondrial function; muscle damage; platelets; ultramarathon running
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Bone metabolism and structural adaptation
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Schönenberg, Sandra
Deposited On:28 Oct 2021 15:55
Last Modified:29 Oct 2021 12:33

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