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Traffic noise-induced changes in wake-propensity measured with the Odds-Ratio Product (ORP)

Smith, M. G. and Younes, M. and Aeschbach, D. and Elmenhorst, E.-M. and Müller, U. and Basner, M. (2021) Traffic noise-induced changes in wake-propensity measured with the Odds-Ratio Product (ORP). Science of the Total Environment, 805, p. 150191. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150191. ISSN 0048-9697.

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Nocturnal traffic noise can disrupt sleep and impair physical and mental restoration, but classical sleep scoringtechniques may not fully capture subtle yet clinically relevant alterations of sleep induced by noise. We used avalidated continuous measure of sleep depth and quality based on automatic analysis of physiologic sleep data,termed Wake Propensity (WP), to investigate temporal changes of sleep in response to nocturnal noise eventsin 3-s epochs. Seventy-two healthy participants (mean age 40.3 years, range 18–71 years, 40 females, 32males) slept for 11 nights in a laboratory, during which we measured sleep with polysomnography. In 8 nights,participants were exposed to 40, 80 or 120 road, rail and/or aircraft noise events with maximum noise levels of45–65 dBLAS,maxduring 8-h sleep opportunities. We analyzed sleep macrostructure and event-related change ofWP during noise exposure with linear mixed models. Nocturnal traffic noise led to event-related shifts towardswakefulness and less deep, more unstable sleep (increase in WP relative to pre-noise baseline ranging from+29.5% at 45 dB to +38.3% at 65 dB; type III effect p < 0.0001). Sleep depth decreased dynamically with increas-ing noise level, peaking whenLAS,maxwas highest. This change in WP was stronger and occurred more quickly forevents where the noise onset was more rapid (road and rail) compared to more gradually time-varying noise(aircraft). Sleep depth did not immediately recover to pre-noise WP, leading to decreased sleep stability acrossthe night compared to quiet nights, which was greater with an increasing number of noise events (standardized β= 0.053, p = 0.003). Further, WP was more sensitive to noise than classical arousals. Results demonstrate theusefulness of WP as a measure of the effects of external stimuli on sleep, and show WP is a more sensitive mea-sure of noise-induced sleep disruption than traditional methods of sleep analysis.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144640/
Document Type:Article
Title:Traffic noise-induced changes in wake-propensity measured with the Odds-Ratio Product (ORP)
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Aeschbach, D.daniel.aeschbach (at) dlrUNSPECIFIED
Elmenhorst, E.-M.Eva-Maria.Elmenhorst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0336-6705
Müller, U.Uwe.Mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:7 September 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Science of the Total Environment
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150191
Page Range:p. 150191
Keywords:Odds ratio product, Wake propensity, Sleep depth, Polysomnography, Traffic noise
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Sleep and Human Factors Research
Deposited By: Sender, Alina
Deposited On:28 Oct 2021 15:21
Last Modified:28 Oct 2021 15:21

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