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Operator's Reliability During Spacecraft Docking Training on Board Mir and ISS

Johannes, B. and Bronnikov, S.V. and Bubeev, J.A. and Kotrovskaya, T.I. and Shastlivtseva, D.V. and Piechowski, S. and Hoermann, H.-J. and Jordan, J. (2021) Operator's Reliability During Spacecraft Docking Training on Board Mir and ISS. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, 92 (7), pp. 541-549. Aerospace Medical Association. doi: 10.3357/AMHP.5745.2021. ISSN 2375-6314.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5745.2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The experimental research PILOT on board the space stations aimed to assess cosmonauts expectable reliability in a mission relevant operation, the manual docking of Soyuz or Progress spacecrafts on the space stations Mir and International Space Station (ISS), respectively. METHOD: Therefore, a simulation of the docking of two space apparatuses was used for training and research. The methodological approach is described, taking into consideration the level of performance and the individual effort spent, the psychophysiological costs. In three decades altogether 32 cosmonauts took part. RESULTS: A significant increase of reliability was found from Mir (0.45 scores) to ISS missions (0.51). On ISS the reliability remained stable (0.50 0.1). DISCUSSION: Salnitskis model for the evaluation of operators reliability was further developed and tested, which turned out to be sensitive as well as robust enough for a practical application in this critical operational task

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144553/
Document Type:Article
Title:Operator's Reliability During Spacecraft Docking Training on Board Mir and ISS
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Johannes, B.Division Space Physiology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center, bernd.johannes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bronnikov, S.V.division of psychophysiology and neurophysiology of operator’s activity, state research center of russian federation, institute for biomedical problems ras, moscow, russiaUNSPECIFIED
Bubeev, J.A.Division of Psychophysiology and Neurophysiology of operator’s activity, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS, Moscow, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Kotrovskaya, T.I.division of psychophysiology and neurophysiology of operator’s activity, state research center of russian federation, institute for biomedical problems ras, moscow, russiaUNSPECIFIED
Shastlivtseva, D.V.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Piechowski, S.Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Linder Hoehe, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Hoermann, H.-J.DLR HHUNSPECIFIED
Jordan, J.Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany and Lehrstuhl für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin, Universität zu Köln; Jens.Jordan (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4518-0706
Date:July 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:92
DOI :10.3357/AMHP.5745.2021
Page Range:pp. 541-549
Publisher:Aerospace Medical Association
ISSN:2375-6314
Status:Published
Keywords:Spacecraft; Docking; Training; ISS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Human-machine interaction, R - Muscle Mechanics and Metabolism
Location: Hamburg , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Leitungsbereich ME
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Schrage, Larissa
Deposited On:21 Oct 2021 11:33
Last Modified:02 Nov 2021 11:38

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