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The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) Project: First Steps Towards a European Operational Capacity to Monitor Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions

Balsamo, Gianpaolo and Engelen, Richard and Thiemert, Daniel and Agusti-Panareda, Anna and Bousserez, Nicolas and Broquet, Grégoire and Brunner, Dominik and Buchwitz, Michael and Chevallier, Frédéric and Choulga, Margarita and Denier Van Der Gon, Hugo and Florentie, Liesbeth and Haussaire, Jean-Matthieu and Janssens-Maenhout, Greet and Jones, Matthew W. and Kaminski, Thomas and Krol, Maarten and Le Quéré, Corinne and Marshall, Julia and McNorton, Joe and Prunet, Pascal and Reuter, Maximilian and Peters, Wouter and Scholze, Marko (2021) The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) Project: First Steps Towards a European Operational Capacity to Monitor Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions. Frontiers in Remote Sensing, 2. Frontiers Media S.A.. doi: 10.3389/frsen.2021.707247. ISSN 2673-6187.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/frsen.2021.707247

Abstract

The Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is a binding international treaty signed by 196 nations to limit their greenhouse gas emissions through ever-reducing Nationally Determined Contributions and a system of 5-yearly Global Stocktakes in an Enhanced Transparency Framework. To support this process, the European Commission initiated the design and development of a new Copernicus service element that will use Earth observations mainly to monitor anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) project has been successfully coordinating efforts of its 22 consortium partners, to advance the development of a European CO2 monitoring and verification support (CO2MVS) capacity for anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Several project achievements are presented and discussed here as examples. The CHE project has developed an enhanced capability to produce global, regional and local CO2 simulations, with a focus on the representation of anthropogenic sources. The project has achieved advances towards a CO2 global inversion capability at high resolution to connect atmospheric concentrations to surface emissions. CHE has also demonstrated the use of Earth observations (satellite and ground-based) as well as proxy data for human activity to constrain uncertainties and to enhance the timeliness of CO2 monitoring. High-resolution global simulations (at 9 km) covering the whole of 2015 (labelled CHE nature runs) fed regional and local simulations over Europe (at 5 km and 1 km resolution) and supported the generation of synthetic satellite observations simulating the contribution of a future dedicated Copernicus CO2 Monitoring Mission (CO2M).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144342/
Document Type:Article
Title:The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) Project: First Steps Towards a European Operational Capacity to Monitor Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Balsamo, GianpaoloEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWF, Reading, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Engelen, RichardEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWF, Reading, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Thiemert, DanielEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWF, Reading, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Agusti-Panareda, AnnaEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWF, Reading, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Bousserez, NicolasEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWF, Reading, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Broquet, GrégoireFrench Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, CEA, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Brunner, DominikSwiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, EMPA, Dübendorf, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Buchwitz, MichaelInstitute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Chevallier, FrédéricFrench Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, CEA, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Choulga, MargaritaEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWF, Reading, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Denier Van Der Gon, HugoDepartment of Climate, Air and Sustainability, TNO, Utrecht, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Florentie, LiesbethEarth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Haussaire, Jean-MatthieuSwiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, EMPA, Dübendorf, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Janssens-Maenhout, GreetEuropean Commission, Joint Research Centre, JRC, Ispra, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Jones, Matthew W.University of East Anglia, UEA, Norwich, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Kaminski, ThomasInversion Lab, ILab, Hamburg, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Krol, MaartenWageningen University and Research, WUR, Wageningen, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Le Quéré, CorinneUniversity of East Anglia, UEA, Norwich, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Marshall, JuliaDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2648-128X
McNorton, JoeEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, ECMWF, Reading, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Prunet, PascalSPASCIA, Ramonville-Saint-Agne, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Reuter, MaximilianInstitute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Peters, WouterWageningen University and Research, WUR, Wageningen, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Scholze, MarkoPhysical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, Lund, SwedenUNSPECIFIED
Date:2021
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:2
DOI :10.3389/frsen.2021.707247
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
ISSN:2673-6187
Status:Published
Keywords:CO2, monitoring and verification system, copernicus, CO2M
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Atmospheric and climate research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Deposited By: Marshall, Julia
Deposited On:05 Oct 2021 11:29
Last Modified:05 Oct 2021 11:29

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