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Towards Minimum Expenditure MRO Concepts for UAM trough Vehicle Design and Operational Modelling

Sieb, Patrick and Michelmann, Johannes and Flöter, Felix and Wicke, Kai (2021) Towards Minimum Expenditure MRO Concepts for UAM trough Vehicle Design and Operational Modelling. In: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.. DLRK - Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2021, 31 Aug - 2 Sep 2021, Bremen, Germany. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Well-established aviation companies, start-ups, and governmental institutions aim to lift Urban Air Mobility (UAM) into the skies. The novel aircraft architecture combined with on-demand operations servicing a small network means a significant change in its operation and maintenance requirements compared to commercial airlines. On-demand flights exhibit non-deterministic behaviour meaning that future flight missions and related variables such as the aircraft position and Flight Hours (FHs) are unknown. Consequently, existing methods to optimise aircraft assignment and maintenance planning cannot be transferred directly from traditional airlines. This study attempts to picture and understand the behaviour of an aircraft fleet in an on-demand UAM transport system regarding the interlinking between operation and maintenance. Hereby, the most significant parameters will be identified and the optimum within the system’s limitations will be determined. In order to address this, a transport and maintenance simulation is introduced, in which aircraft are modelled as agents and service flight missions within a simple network. As soon as hard time maintenance intervals, limited by FHs or flight cycles, are fully utilized, aircraft transfer to a maintenance base. As maintenance bases have a limited capacity for simultaneous checks, vehicles compete with each other for that limited resource, which can cause waiting times. To understand the impact on the whole technical operational ecosystem, the maintenance costs are extended to include running costs of the maintenance bases and opportunity costs for times aircraft cannot generate revenue, such as waiting time for a check. The most important output parameters to evaluate the quality of the simulation are the maintenance costs and the network transport capacity. Opportunity costs are identified as cost driver and primarily depend on the waiting time for maintenance checks. With changes in the operation of aircraft, the waiting time can be influenced. Two simple approaches to decrease the fleet waiting time and thereby reduce the maintenance costs are presented. One option is to trade a certain percentage of the vehicle’s remaining useful lifetime for earlier checks to avoid waiting times. With the other option, the way how aircraft are assigned to missions is altered. Both approaches can reduce bottlenecks at the maintenance bases. The system’s optimum combines both approaches and results in a good interlocking, with maintenance costs in the range of approx. $ 60/FH. About two-thirds of the maintenance costs account for the actual labour and material costs during the checks, the remaining third is the sum of the opportunity costs and the running expenses.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144266/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Towards Minimum Expenditure MRO Concepts for UAM trough Vehicle Design and Operational Modelling
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Sieb, Patrickpatrick.sieb (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3316-5429
Michelmann, Johannesjohannes.michelmann (at) tum.deUNSPECIFIED
Flöter, Felixfelix.floeter (at) lht.dlh.deUNSPECIFIED
Wicke, Kaikai.wicke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8220-6437
Date:September 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:Urban Air Mobility; Transport Network Modelling; Maintenance Planning; Technical Operational Ecosystem; On-demand Operation
Event Title:DLRK - Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2021
Event Location:Bremen, Germany
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:31 Aug - 2 Sep 2021
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Components and Systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L CS - Components and Systems
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - MRO and Cabin
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul > Product Life Cycle Management
Deposited By: Sieb, Patrick
Deposited On:04 Oct 2021 07:11
Last Modified:25 Oct 2021 07:16

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