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Assessing Long-Term Impacts of Automation on Freight Transport and Logistics Networks by a Large-Scale LRP Integrated in Microscopic Transport Simulation for Strategic Transport and Logistics Network Planning

Deineko, Elija and Thaller, Carina and Liedtke, Gernot and dein, (2021) Assessing Long-Term Impacts of Automation on Freight Transport and Logistics Networks by a Large-Scale LRP Integrated in Microscopic Transport Simulation for Strategic Transport and Logistics Network Planning. TRB committee AEP40 Standing Committee on Transportation Network Modeling.. Transportation Research Board 100th Annual Meeting, 05.-29. Jan. 2021, Washington DC, United States (online).

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Official URL: https://trid.trb.org/view/1759711

Abstract

Up to now, bulk transports have been carried out via a hub-and-spoke network in the general cargo sector. However, it is expected that the use of autonomous vehicles will enable a more flexible delivery. Such developments may, economically, make sense for shippers. From an ecological point of view, also negative effects can be expected due to enhanced transport performance. In the framework of this research, the authors investigate the impacts of automation on general cargo transport at the logistics network level. For assessing the impacts of autonomous vehicles on logistics network structures and on freight transport routes ex-ante, an instrument for strategic transport and logistics network planning is needed. The authors develop an effective heuristic to find new facilities and adjust the network, while thereby considering the routing characteristics by tackling the large-scale location routing problem i.e. LRP. By the linked approach, they can estimate the exact logistics network and coordinates and measure exact transport distances, driving transport lead times and number of necessary vehicles on the infrastructure network. The authors carry out a case study-based qualitative evaluation of the new optimized network and investigate the logistics effects for the food retail distribution in Germany. In fact, this research reveals that the utilization of autonomous vehicles significantly enhances transportation ranges and the number of tours, while reducing the number of operating facilities.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/144036/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Poster)
Title:Assessing Long-Term Impacts of Automation on Freight Transport and Logistics Networks by a Large-Scale LRP Integrated in Microscopic Transport Simulation for Strategic Transport and Logistics Network Planning
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Deineko, ElijaElija.Deineko (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Thaller, CarinaCarina.Thaller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Liedtke, GernotGernot.Liedtke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8482-2236
dein, UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:23 January 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:TRB committee AEP40 Standing Committee on Transportation Network Modeling.
Status:Published
Keywords:Automation; freight transport; logistics network; Location Routing Problem; logistics network optimization; tour planning; tour optimization; microscopic agent-based transport simulation; food retail distribution; continuum approximation
Event Title:Transportation Research Board 100th Annual Meeting
Event Location:Washington DC, United States (online)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:05.-29. Jan. 2021
Organizer:Transportation Research Board
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Zukunftsbilder eines automatisierten integrierten Verkehrssystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Commercial Transport
Deposited By: Deineko, Elija
Deposited On:09 Dec 2021 12:01
Last Modified:09 Dec 2021 12:52

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