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From Mars analogue environments to space: ground data evaluation of the survivability of Buttiauxella sp. MASE-IM-9 and Salinisphaera shabanensis

Beblo-Vranesevic, K. and Antunes, A. and Rettberg, P. (2021) From Mars analogue environments to space: ground data evaluation of the survivability of Buttiauxella sp. MASE-IM-9 and Salinisphaera shabanensis. EANA 2021, 7.-10. September 2021, Virtual Conference.

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Abstract

Mars analogues environments are some of the most extreme locations on Earth. Their unique combination of multiple extremes (e.g. high salinity, anoxia, and low nutrient availability) make them a valuable source of new polyextremophilic microbes in general, and for exploring the limits of life. These are seen as vital sources of information for Astrobiology, with implications for planetary protection and the search for life outside our planet. Despite this well-recognized relevance, current knowledge on the capability of (facultative) anaerobic microbes as single strains or in communities to withstand extraterrestrial conditions is still very sparse. Addressing this knowledge gap is one of the main goals of the project MEXEM (Mars EXposed Extremophiles Mixture), which is in preparation at the moment. As part of MEXEM, selected model organisms from all three domains of Life, will be exposed in a 3-month passive experiment with exposure to space conditions under anoxia followed by evaluation after their arrival back on Earth. The launch to the International Space Station is currently foreseen for 2024, and implies a series of preliminary tests and data collection on some of the selected strains. Here, we report on the survivability of Salinisphaera shabanensis, isolated from a deep-sea brine pool within the Red Sea, and of Buttiauxella sp. MASE-IM-9 isolated from a German sulphidic spring after exposure to Mars relevant stress factors (like desiccation and UV-radiation under anoxic conditions). Both organisms showed survival after anoxic desiccation for up to three months but this could be further extended by adding low amounts of artificial Mars regolith (MGS- 1S; 0.5 % wt/vol) and sucrose (0.1 M). The addition of these two components resulted in an elevation of the survival rate after desiccation of up to three orders of magnitude. Survival after desiccation could even be reproduced, if the cells were mixed, as an artificial community, before desiccation treatment. The presence of these two components also positively influenced survival after exposure to polychromatic UV (200 - 400 nm) up to 12 kJ/m2 in liquid and in a desiccated form.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/143857/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:From Mars analogue environments to space: ground data evaluation of the survivability of Buttiauxella sp. MASE-IM-9 and Salinisphaera shabanensis
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Beblo-Vranesevic, K.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; kristina.beblo (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4834-7121
Antunes, A.State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences/ China National Space Administration (CNSA) Macau Center for Space Exploration and Science, Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST), Av. Wai Long, Taipa, Macau SAR, China.UNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, P.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; petra.rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Date:September 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:MEXEM, Mars EXposed Extremophiles Mixture, Mars analogue environments,
Event Title:EANA 2021
Event Location:Virtual Conference
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:7.-10. September 2021
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project ISS LIFE 2.0
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:17 Sep 2021 08:39
Last Modified:17 Sep 2021 08:39

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