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Health effects of Low Emission Zones: Evidence from German hospitals

Wozny, Florian and Pestel, Nico (2021) Health effects of Low Emission Zones: Evidence from German hospitals. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management (102512). Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.jeem.2021.102512. ISSN 0095-0696.

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This paper studies the impact of Low Emission Zones, restricting the access of high-emission vehicles to inner-city areas, on hospitalizations. For identification, we exploit variation in the timing and the spatial distribution of the introduction of new Low Emission Zones across cities in Germany since 2008. We combine detailed geo-coded hospitalization data from the universe of German hospitals with the geographic coverage of Low Emission Zones over the period from 2006 to 2016. We find that Low Emission Zones reduce levels of air pollution in urban areas. These improvements in air quality translate into small but statistically significant population health benefits by lowering the share of diagnoses related to air pollution for hospitals located within a Low Emission Zone after it becomes effective. The results are mainly driven by reductions in circulatory and chronic lower respiratory diseases.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/143532/
Document Type:Article
Title:Health effects of Low Emission Zones: Evidence from German hospitals
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:14 August 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Keywords:Low Emission Zone Air pollution Health Germany
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Ökonver II
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Air Transport and Airport Research > Air Transport Economics
Deposited By: Wozny, Florian
Deposited On:19 Aug 2021 10:04
Last Modified:19 Aug 2021 10:04

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