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How aerogel additives can significantly improve the casting process in foundry applications

Heinrich, Charlotte and Ignatzi, Benjamin and Probst, Rebekka and Endrich, Daniel and Milow, Barbara (2021) How aerogel additives can significantly improve the casting process in foundry applications. Aerogel Industry-Academia Forum, 13.-15.07.2021, Dübendorf (Schweiz), online.

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Abstract

Cavities in castings of metals and alloys are obtained by so-called cores, which are made of polymeric-bonded sands. Special additives are used to overcome negative effects that cause a lot of casting defects. Organic resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) or inorganic carbon aerogel in granular form can replace conventional additives without any effort in the foundry process and offer a variety of advantages due to their nanostructure and composition. We established a synthesis of these aerogel additives for iron casting, transferring the production from laboratory to pilot plant scale, elevating the level of development with respect to foundry needs. Our approach yields about 15 kilogram of RF aerogel in one batch. Further processing includes coarse milling, screening and carbonization of the organic aerogel to amorphous, nanostructured, highly porous carbon with special features. Practical applicability of the additives has been tested and examined in a demanding case of iron casting. We were able to identify some very positive effects of the aerogel additive to the casting process compared to the regular used additive: higher core strength, delayed evolution of gas due to decomposition of the binder, significant reduction of gas emissions (BTXE, phenol, formaldehyde), smooth surface. Additionally, the results show, that a considerable improvement of energy efficiency at different stages of the foundry process can be achieved by the application of aerogel additives.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/143228/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:How aerogel additives can significantly improve the casting process in foundry applications
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Heinrich, CharlotteCharlotte.Heinrich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8970-9598
Ignatzi, Benjaminbenjamin.ignatzi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Probst, RebekkaRebekka.Probst (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Endrich, DanielDaniel.Endrich (at) boschrexroth.deUNSPECIFIED
Milow, BarbaraBarbara.Milow (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6350-7728
Date:July 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:RF and Carbon aerogels foundry application up-scaling
Event Title:Aerogel Industry-Academia Forum
Event Location:Dübendorf (Schweiz), online
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-15.07.2021
Organizer:Empa
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC Fahrzeugstruktur II
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogels and Aerogel Composites
Deposited By: Heinrich, Dr. Charlotte
Deposited On:23 Jul 2021 07:33
Last Modified:23 Jul 2021 07:33

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