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Synthesis of low density and high temperature resistant Y2O3 doped silica aerogels

Pisal, A. and Milow, Barbara and Rao, A. (2021) Synthesis of low density and high temperature resistant Y2O3 doped silica aerogels. Aerogel Industry-Academia Forum, 13.-15.07.2021, Dübendorf (Schweiz), online.

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Abstract

Commercialization of aerogels has been slow down due to high cost and manufacturability issues [1]. Therefore, in the present paper, we manufactured silica aerogels at low cost and low risk. In this paper, we report the experimental results on the synthesis of low density and high temperature resistant Y2O3 doped silica aerogels. Silica sols were prepared by keeping the molar ratio of TEOS: ethanol (EtOH): water ( 0.01 M HCl as acid catalyst): Ammonium Flu-oride (0.5 M NH4F as base catalyst) was kept constant at 1:15:7:0.6 respectively, while the weight percent of Y2O3 powder was varied from 0.1 to 4%. The aerogels have been produced by two-stage sol-gel process followed by supercritical CO2 drying. The best quality silica aer-ogel in terms of low high-temperature thermal conductivity (0.097 W.mK-1 at 1000 °C), low density (26 mg/cc) and high optical transmission (about 87% in the red region) have been obtained with molar ratio of 1TEOS: 15EtOH:7water:0.6 NH4F and 3% of Y2O3 powder. The best quality Y2O3 doped silica aerogel is as shown in figure (Fig 1). The Y2O3 doped aerogels have been characterized by SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy), FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy), Optical transmittance, TG/DTA (Thermogra-vimetry/Differential Thermal Analysis, Thermal conductivity and BET (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller) analysis. The experimental results on the physical and thermal properties of Y2O3 doped silica aerogels under normal and high temperature have been discussed by taking into account the chemistry and porosity of aerogels.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/143227/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Synthesis of low density and high temperature resistant Y2O3 doped silica aerogels
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Pisal, A.Yashawantrao Chavan Institute of ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Milow, BarbaraBarbara.Milow (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6350-7728
Rao, A.Shivaji UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Y2O3 doped silica aerogels low density high temperature resistant
Event Title:Aerogel Industry-Academia Forum
Event Location:Dübendorf (Schweiz), online
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-15.07.2021
Organizer:Empa
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC Fahrzeugstruktur II
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogels and Aerogel Composites
Deposited By: Heinrich, Dr. Charlotte
Deposited On:20 Aug 2021 09:23
Last Modified:20 Aug 2021 09:23

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