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Organizational framework for scientific studies and instruments in Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) mission

Ogawa, K. and Wada, Koji and Usui, T. and Kameda, S. and Nakamura, Tomoki and Kuramoto, K. and Bibring, J.-P. and Fujimoto, M. and Genda, H. and Helbert, Jörn and Hirata, N. and Imamura, T. and Kawakasu, K. and Michel, P. and Miyamoto, H. and Nakagawa, H. and Otake, H. and Russell, S. and Sasaki, S. and Sawada, H. and Senshu, H. and Terada, N. and Ulamec, Stephan and Watanabe, S and Yokota, S. (2020) Organizational framework for scientific studies and instruments in Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) mission. JpGU - AGU Joint Meeting 2020, 24.-28. Mai 2020, virtuell.

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The Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) mission has been planned to launch a Martian moons probe in 2024 as one of next planetary exploration missions in Japan. In this mission, the spacecraft reaches on quasi-satellite orbits around Phobos and makes remote-sensing observations. The spacecraft then carries out two times of landing and samples material of the Phobos surface. The spacecraft finally comes back to the Earth to bring the collected samples back. The MMX program shifted to the Phase-B in the beginning of February 2020 and basic design of the spacecraft and instruments have been started. In this presentation, we introduce the science-side organizational framework of MMX including science teams and scientific instrument teams we have constructed so far in the entire organization of MMX. MMX has a new concept of organized science teams and this concept is a new attempt in the Japanese planetary exploration missions to enhance scientific results. As the largest science team Science Working Team (SWT) is defined to have all scientific researchers in MMX and achieve the science objectives of MMX. The SWT consists of Science Board (SB), Sub-Science Teams (SSTs), and a part of Instrument Teams (ITs) and Working Teams (WTs). SB is in charge of making decisions as recommendation to the project from scientific point of view, and manages and controls all teams in SWT. The SSTs are organized to fulfill the MMX's science objectives by using all available observation and analysis data taken from remote sensing observation, rover observation, and return sample analysis. For this purpose, the SSTs are responsible to making science and data analysis strategy, consider requirements for the instruments, check instrument performances, and actually analyze observation data to make science results. MMX has currently the following five SSTs: Origin of Phobos and Deimos, Early Solar System Evolution, Surface Science and Geology, Mars Science, and Geodesy. Most science objectives of MMX require multi-instrument data analyses and they will be effectively conducted in these SSTs. MMX has a large number of instruments for observations and sampling, including non-scientific instruments which are possibly used also for science studies. These are: Circum-Martian Dust Monitor (CMDM), Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR), Macroscopique Observatoire pour la Minéralogie, I'Eau, le Glaces et I'Activité (Near-Infrared Spectrometer, MacrOmega), Mars-Moon Exploration with Gamma-Rays and Neutrons (MEGANE), Mass Spectrum Analyzer (MSA), Rover developed by CNES-DLR, Telescopic Nadir Imager for Geomorphology (TENGOO), Optical Radiometer Composed of Chromatic Imagers (OROCHI), Interplanetary Radiation Environment Monitor (IREM), Super High Vision Camera (SHV), Coring Sampler (CSMP), Pneumatic Sampler (PSMP), Sample Return Capsule (SRC), etc. The ITs develop theseKeywords: instruments and will conduct single-instrument data analysis mainly.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/142766/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Organizational framework for scientific studies and instruments in Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) mission
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wada, KojiChiba Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
Kameda, S.Rikkyo University, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Nakamura, TomokiTohoku University, SendaiUNSPECIFIED
Kuramoto, K.Hokkaido University, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Bibring, J.-P.Universite de Paris-Sud, Orsay, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Fujimoto, M.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Genda, H.Tokyo Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
Helbert, JörnJoern.Helbert (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5346-9505
Hirata, N.Univ Aizu, Res Ctr Adv Informat Sci & Technol, Aizu Wakamatsu, Fukushima, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Imamura, T.JAXA-ISAS, Sagamihara, Japanhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9470-4492
Kawakasu, K.National Astronomical Observatory of JapanUNSPECIFIED
Michel, P.Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Miyamoto, H.The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Nakagawa, H.Tohoku University, SendaiUNSPECIFIED
Otake, H.Japan Aerospace Exploration AgencyUNSPECIFIED
Russell, S.Natural History Museum, London, UKUNSPECIFIED
Sasaki, S.Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-0043, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Sawada, H.Japan Aerospace Exploration AgencyUNSPECIFIED
Senshu, H.Chiba Institute of Technology, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Terada, N.Tohoku UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Ulamec, StephanStephan.Ulamec (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Watanabe, SNagoya University, Nagoya, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Yokota, S.Osaka UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:24 May 2020
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:MMX, Martian Moons Exploration, Phobos
Event Title:JpGU - AGU Joint Meeting 2020
Event Location:virtuell
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:24.-28. Mai 2020
Organizer:Japan Geoscience Union (JpGU)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MMX - SystEng, Ops + Science
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Laboratories
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:16 Jun 2021 10:26
Last Modified:16 Jun 2021 10:26

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