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Simulation of Thermochemical Heat Storage on the Micro-Scale

Prill, Torben and Jahnke, Thomas and Linder, Marc Philipp (2021) Simulation of Thermochemical Heat Storage on the Micro-Scale. InterPore 2021, 31.05.2021-04.06.2021, United Kingdom.

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Storing energy in the form of heat has been under long-standing investigation for prospective applications, such as the capturing of excess heat from industrial processes as well as storing energy in concentrated solar power plants. Investigated mechanisms for the heat storage include the adsorption in porous media, materials undergoing phase changes and thermochemical reactions. Among these, thermochemical heat storage provides a large energy capacity and next to perfect reversibility. More specifically, storage in the CaO/Ca(OH)2-System is investigated because of the low price and environmental friendliness of the reactants. In the project THEMSE, DLR is developing models and simulations for thermochemical heat storage in the CaO/Ca(OH)2-System on the microscopic level. In this talk, we shall give an overview over the project and the materials involved. The geometrical micro-scale characterization of the material is done using a combination of micro computed tomography (µCT) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Both methods are complementary in the sense that SEM can be used to resolve fine scale details, up to crystallites, while µCT can resolve powder particles as well as agglomerates of numerous single particles. This is complemented by kinetics measured by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The first goal in the project is to explain the measured kinetics using a spatially resolved model, which takes the three-dimensional morphology of the storage material into account. In general, this involves, thermal, hydrodynamic, mechanical, and chemical modeling. However, the first investigations involve a single crystallite model, where the thermal and hydrodynamic effects can be neglected, and which is solved using finite element simulations. Further models are developed to investigate the heat and mass transport in the powder bed inside the reactor. Heat transport being the limiting factor, modeling the thermal conductivity of the powder bed on the microscale, is given special attention. This is done, the using simulations based on µCT-Data. Finally, it is investigated how the cycling of the material influences the heat and mass transport in the powder bed inside the reactor. This happens through agglomeration of powder particles the cause of which, and the modeling of which, are under investigation and under development, respectively. We will show results from experiments and from kinetic and micro-scale transport simulations. Finally, an outlook will be given on the upscaling of the micro scale model to the reactor-scale and computational optimization methods for reactor design.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/142707/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Simulation of Thermochemical Heat Storage on the Micro-Scale
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Prill, TorbenTorben.Prill (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jahnke, ThomasThomas.Jahnke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Linder, Marc PhilippMarc.Linder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 June 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Thermochemische Speicher, Modellierung, Simulation
Event Title:InterPore 2021
Event Location:United Kingdom
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:31.05.2021-04.06.2021
Organizer:InterPore Society
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Materials and Technologies for the Energy Transition
HGF - Program Themes:High-Temperature Thermal Technologies
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: Prill, Torben
Deposited On:29 Oct 2021 11:20
Last Modified:29 Oct 2021 11:20

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