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Equipping an extraterrestrial laboratory: Overview of open research questions and recommended instrumentation for the Moon

Heinicke, Christiane and Adeli, Solmaz and Baqué, Mickael and Correale, Giuseppe and Fateri, Miranda and Jaret, Steven and Kopacz, Nina and Ormö, Jens and Poulet, Lucie and Verseux, Cyprien (2021) Equipping an extraterrestrial laboratory: Overview of open research questions and recommended instrumentation for the Moon. Advances in Space Research. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2021.04.047. ISSN 0273-1177.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0273117721003653

Abstract

Humans are once again preparing to leave Earth and land on the surface of another planetary body. The two objects high on the list for permanent bases are the Moon and Mars. Both have been at the center of attention of many recent spaceflight activities, albeit these have so far been uncrewed. If humans indeed land on either one of them, science can potentially benefit tremendously. In the past, most spaceflight missions have been implemented by adding scientific instruments after most of the engineering work is already finished. This has often limited scientific studies to relatively scattered, insular topics. However, if prepared appropriately, a research laboratory on either the Moon or Mars can help address scientific questions thoroughly and at a fundamental level. In this paper we review the main scientific questions relating to the Moon that are still open and develop an overview of the instrumentation that would be necessary for a human astronaut inside a lunar laboratory to help answer these questions. Our primary focus is the Moon, however, we include an outlook to Mars, since we assume that the Moon not only provides a valuable testbed for many technologies to be used on Mars, but that both can be studied with the same habitat laboratory after some specific adaptations. The research areas we focus on are related to (a) non-living matter (geophysics, geology, materials science), (b) extraterrestrial life (from chemistry of organic carbon compounds to astrobiology), and (c) life inside the human habitat (bioregenerative life-support systems, microbiomes, human physiology). We identify synergies between disciplines, in order to provide a list of priorities to mission planners, and provide a guideline of where further development of equipment would be desirable.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/142266/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Bisher nur online erschienen.
Title:Equipping an extraterrestrial laboratory: Overview of open research questions and recommended instrumentation for the Moon
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Heinicke, ChristianeZARM, University of Bremen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Adeli, SolmazSolmaz.Adeli (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9972-409X
Baqué, MickaelMickael.Baque (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6696-6030
Correale, GiuseppeHuman and Robotic Space Exploration Directorate (HRE) - European Space Agency; Vitrociset Belgium Sprl, a Leonardo CompanyUNSPECIFIED
Fateri, MirandaAalen University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Jaret, StevenStony Brook University, United States (steven.jaret (at) stonybrook.edu)UNSPECIFIED
Kopacz, NinaUtrecht University, the NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Ormö, JensCentro de Astrobiologia (INTA-CSIC), SpainUNSPECIFIED
Poulet, LucieASA Postdoctoral Program, USRA, Kennedy Space Center, FL, USAUNSPECIFIED
Verseux, CyprienCenter of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity - ZARM, University of BremenUNSPECIFIED
Date:2021
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.asr.2021.04.047
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0273-1177
Status:Published
Keywords:Human space exploration, Habitat laboratory, Moon, Mars
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Planetary Evolution and Life
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Laboratories
Deposited By: Baqué, Dr. Mickael
Deposited On:31 May 2021 15:16
Last Modified:31 May 2021 15:16

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