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Nutrition for Older Athletes: Focus on Sex-Differences

Strasser, Barbara and Pesta, Dominik and Rittweger, Jörn and Burtscher, Johannes and Burtscher, Martin (2021) Nutrition for Older Athletes: Focus on Sex-Differences. Nutrients, 13 (5), p. 1409. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/nu13051409. ISSN 2072-6643.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/5/1409

Abstract

Regular physical exercise and a healthy diet are major determinants of a healthy lifespan.Although aging is associated with declining endurance performance and muscle function, thesecomponents can favorably be modified by regular physical activity and especially by exercise trainingat all ages in both sexes. In addition, age-related changes in body composition and metabolism,which affect even highly trained masters athletes, can in part be compensated for by higher exercisemetabolic efficiency in active individuals. Accordingly, masters athletes are often considered as a rolemodel for healthy aging and their physical capacities are an impressive example of what is possiblein aging individuals. In the present review, we first discuss physiological changes, performanceand trainability of older athletes with a focus on sex differences. Second, we describe the mostimportant hormonal alterations occurring during aging pertaining regulation of appetite, glucosehomeostasis and energy expenditure and the modulatory role of exercise training. The third parthighlights nutritional aspects that may support health and physical performance for older athletes.Key nutrition-related concerns include the need for adequate energy and protein intake for preventinglow bone and muscle mass and a higher demand for specific nutrients (e.g., vitamin D and probiotics)that may reduce the infection burden in masters athletes. Fourth, we present important researchfindings on the association between exercise, nutrition and the microbiota, which represents a rapidlydeveloping field in sports nutritio

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/142153/
Document Type:Article
Title:Nutrition for Older Athletes: Focus on Sex-Differences
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Strasser, BarbaraMedical Faculty, Sigmund Freud Private University, A-1020 Vienna, AustriUNSPECIFIED
Pesta, DominikInstitute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5089-3586
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Burtscher, JohannesDepartment of Biomedical Sciences, University of Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland;johannes.burtscher (at) unil.chUNSPECIFIED
Burtscher, MartinDepartment of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria;Martin.Burtscher (at) uibk.ac.atUNSPECIFIED
Date:22 April 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Nutrients
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:13
DOI :10.3390/nu13051409
Page Range:p. 1409
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2072-6643
Status:Published
Keywords:aging; cardiorespiratory system; exercise; hormones; masters athletes; muscle; nutrition; protein
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Long-term effects of physical inactivity versus activity
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Schönenberg, Sandra
Deposited On:11 May 2021 11:46
Last Modified:11 May 2021 11:46

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