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Wildfire extreme events: Large-scale developments in fire activity of New South Wales, Australia

Nolde, Michael and Mueller, Norman and Strunz, Günter and Fichtner, Florian and Plank, Simon Manuel and Riedlinger, Torsten (2021) Wildfire extreme events: Large-scale developments in fire activity of New South Wales, Australia. European Geosciences Union - General Assembly, 19.-30. April 2021, Wien, Österreich / Online.

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Abstract

Disastrous wildfires have occurred in many parts of the world during the last two years (2019 and 2020), most notably in South America, Australia, the United States, and regions north of the polar circle. Such extreme wildfire events pose a pervasive threat to human lives and property and have thus been widely recognized in the global media. This study focusses on large-scale developments in fire activity. It investigates the occurrence of burnt areas regarding several relevant parameters, namely fire extent, fire severity and fire seasonality. The entirety of those parameters allows an extensive insight regarding large-scale, long-term fire activity trends. The burnt area derivation process, which is fully automated, is described in the literature (see reference below). The analysis is based on an extensive set of satellite data, specifically 9,612 granules of the MODIS MOD09/MYD09 product in conjunction with 3,503 tiles of the OLCI (Ocean and Land Colour Instrument) instrument onboard Sentinel-3. The study design consists of two parts: Firstly, the long-term temporal variability in fire activity, covering the time span from 2000 until 2020, is analyzed for the study region of New South Wales, Australia. Secondly, the large-scale spatial variability is investigated by comparing the New South Wales extreme events in 2019/2020 with events of comparable magnitude in California, US and the Siberian taiga. The study shows that New South Wales features an upward trend regarding the extent of yearly affected area, as well as a shift towards a prolongated end of the fire season towards the Autumn months. It also shows the exceptionality of the Australian wildfire activity in comparison with other geographical regions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/142104/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Wildfire extreme events: Large-scale developments in fire activity of New South Wales, Australia
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Nolde, Michaelmichael.nolde (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6981-9730
Mueller, NormanNorman.Mueller (at) ga.gov.auUNSPECIFIED
Strunz, GünterGuenter.Strunz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Fichtner, FlorianFlorian.Fichtner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Plank, Simon ManuelSimon.Plank (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5793-052X
Riedlinger, Torstentorsten.riedlinger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:30 April 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Wildfire, Natural Disaster, Remote Sensing, NDVI, MODIS, Sentinel 3 - OLCI, Australia
Event Title:European Geosciences Union - General Assembly
Event Location:Wien, Österreich / Online
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19.-30. April 2021
Organizer:European Geosciences Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote Sensing and Geo Research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Nolde, Michael
Deposited On:25 May 2021 09:30
Last Modified:25 May 2021 09:30

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