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Cost Benefit Analysis of an Innovative and Modular Autonomous Vehicle: The Case of U-Shift

Österle, Ines and Ulrich, Christian and Herwartz, Sebastian and Sigle, Sebastian and Weimer, Jürgen and Fleck, Tobias and Zofka, Marc and Conzelmann, Markus (2021) Cost Benefit Analysis of an Innovative and Modular Autonomous Vehicle: The Case of U-Shift. 2021 Annual Conference - Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis, 17.-19, 22.-24. März 2021, Online.

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Abstract

The study presents a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) of future implementation of “U-Shift” vehicles. “U-Shift” is an autonomous vehicle concept currently developed at the German Centre for Aerospace (DLR). The CBA was prepared in 2020 as part of a feasibility study on behalf of the German Ministry for Economy to assess the possible impacts of a hypothetical large-scale implementation of these vehicles. It compares two future scenarios for roll-out in 2040 in Stuttgart, a mid-sized city in Germany’s automotive centre, with a Base Case. Scenario 1 reflects the preferred approach for implementation pursued by DLR, where autonomous driving of vehicles is enabled by sensors as part of the road infrastructure and the vehicles’ movements are orchestrated by a central traffic management centre. Scenario 2 reflects the current approach for automation, where autonomous driving technology is part of the vehicle itself and their movements are not coordinated by a central agency. The CBA quantifies capital and recurrent costs, road safety, CO2 emissions and air pollution. Costs and benefits are quantified for one year only, 2040, a plausible year for large-scale implementation. As it only considers recurrent costs and benefits of one year, investment costs were apportioned accordingly, taken the expected asset life into account.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/142017/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Cost Benefit Analysis of an Innovative and Modular Autonomous Vehicle: The Case of U-Shift
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Österle, InesInes.Oesterle (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ulrich, ChristianChristian.Ulrich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8794-7042
Herwartz, SebastianSebastian.Herwartz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sigle, SebastianSebastian.Sigle (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1533-2043
Weimer, JürgenJuergen.Weimer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Fleck, TobiasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zofka, MarcUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Conzelmann, MarkusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Cost-Benefit Analysis; U-Shift; Automated Driving Technology
Event Title:2021 Annual Conference - Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis
Event Location:Online
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:17.-19, 22.-24. März 2021
Organizer:Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Zukunftsbilder eines automatisierten integrierten Verkehrssystems
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Deposited By: Österle, Ines
Deposited On:10 Jun 2021 13:19
Last Modified:10 Jun 2021 13:19

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