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Planetary data in the Virtual Observatory: VESPA (Virtual European Solar and Planetary Access)

Erard, S. and Cecconi, B. and Le Sinader, P. and Rossi, Angelo P. and Tomasik, L. and Ivanovski, S. and Schmitt, B. and Andre, N. and Trompet, L. and Scherf, M and Hueso, R. and Demleitner, M. and Manaud, N. and Taylor, M. and Alexeev, I and Määttänen, A. and Millour, E. and Schmidt, F. and Waldmann, I. and Fernique, P. and D'Amore, A. and Brandt, C. and Rothkaehl, H. and Molinaro, M. and Génot, V. and Vandaele, A. C. (2021) Planetary data in the Virtual Observatory: VESPA (Virtual European Solar and Planetary Access). Lunar and Planetary Institute. Planetary Science Informatics & Data Analytics (PSIDA), June 28–July 2, 2021, Online.

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Abstract

VESPA (Virtual European Solar and Planetary Access) has been focusing for nearly 10 years on adapting Virtual Observatory (VO) techniques to handle Planetary Science data [1] [2]. The objective of this activity is to build a contributive data distribution system where data services are located and maintained in research institutes, as well as in space agencies and observatories. VESPA is part of Europlanet, a series of programs funded by the European Union and dedicated to enforcing collaborative activities in Planetary Science both within and outside Europe. A new program called Europlanet-2024 has started in 2020 for a 4-year period. During the previous Europlanet-2020 program, VESPA has defined an architecture adapted from the astronomy VO, and incorporating concepts and standards from other areas (Earth observation, Heliophysics, etc). The basic system uses the VO infrastructure: data services are installed in any location but are declared in a system of harvested registries with identifiers, end-point (URL), mention of supported access protocols, and rough description of content. Such services are interoperable via clients and tools, which also provide visualization and analysis functions. Data description: VESPA has adopted the Table Access Protocol (TAP) from the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) to query data services. In addition to this general mechanism, the EPNCore vocabulary has been designed to provide a uniform metadata system describing observational, instrumental, and physical parameters with fixed names, scales, and units. EPNCore encompasses all fields of Solar System studies and supports simulations and experimental data as well as observational ones. It can be extended to new parameters whenever required. Beyond TAP, EPNCore provides a handy parameter description system that can be used in various contexts, including with personal databases in the course of a research program. A PDS4 dictionary has been provided for future conversion schemes with modern space agency archives. ENPCore is both a project study of the International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA), and an emerging standard of the IVOA (currently under review to become a proposed recommendation [3]). Data access and tools: Since VESPA data services are responsive to TAP, they can be queried by all TAP clients – either web interfaces, java tools, python libraries, Jupyter notebooks, etc. Some VO tools include specific support for EPN-TAP (i.e., using EPNCore with TAP). The VESPA portal (http://vespa.obspm.fr) is a dedicated web interface oriented towards data discovery, that can query all public EPN-TAP services simultaneously; it also converts EPN-TAP queries to NASA keyword-search queries and the older PDAP protocol. The portal also uses VO-compliant web services as support applications, e.g. Miriade (ephemeris system), quaero (name resolver for solar system objects) and WebGeoCalc (SPICE computation). All tools and search interfaces in the VO can exchange data via a specific protocol called SAMP.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/141982/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Planetary data in the Virtual Observatory: VESPA (Virtual European Solar and Planetary Access)
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Erard, S.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris (CNRS-UMR 8109), 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Cecconi, B.lesia, cnrs-observatoire de paris, meudon, franceUNSPECIFIED
Le Sinader, P.DIO-VO, Obs. Paris/CNRS, FrUNSPECIFIED
Rossi, Angelo P.Jacobs University Bremen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Tomasik, L.Space Research Centre PAS, WarsawUNSPECIFIED
Ivanovski, S.Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Via Fosso del Cavaliere, 100, 0133 Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Schmitt, B.Laboratorie de Glaciologie et Geophysique de l’Environment, Grenoble, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Andre, N.IRAP, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Trompet, L.BIRA/IASB, Brussels, BeUNSPECIFIED
Scherf, MSpace Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Hueso, R.Escuela Superior Ingeniería, Universidad Paı´s Vasco, Alameda Urquijo, s/n 48013 Bilbao, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Demleitner, M.Heidelberg Univ, GeUNSPECIFIED
Manaud, N.SpaceFrog, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Taylor, M.ESA/ESTEC Noordwijk, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Alexeev, ILMSU, Moscow, RuUNSPECIFIED
Määttänen, A.LATMOS/CNRSUNSPECIFIED
Millour, E.LMD CNRS Jussieu, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Schmidt, F.GEOPS/IPSL/CNRS/UPS, Orsay, FrUNSPECIFIED
Waldmann, I.University College London, UKUNSPECIFIED
Fernique, P.Observatoire de Strasbourg/UMR 7550, FrUNSPECIFIED
D'Amore, A.Mario.DAmore (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Brandt, C.Jacobs University, Bremen, GeUNSPECIFIED
Rothkaehl, H.CBK-PAN, Warsaw, PoUNSPECIFIED
Molinaro, M.INAF/OATS, TriesteUNSPECIFIED
Génot, V.Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Vandaele, A. C.BIRA/IASB, Brussels, BeUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:Lunar and Planetary Institute
Status:Published
Keywords:Planetary data, Virtual Observatory, vespa, virtual, european, solar, planetary access
Event Title:Planetary Science Informatics & Data Analytics (PSIDA)
Event Location:Online
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:June 28–July 2, 2021
Organizer:Lunar and Planetary Institute
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Robotics
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RO - Robotics
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Planetary Exploration
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Laboratories
Deposited By: Amore, Dr. Mario
Deposited On:25 Jun 2021 08:57
Last Modified:25 Jun 2021 08:57

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