elib
DLR-Header
DLR-Logo -> http://www.dlr.de
DLR Portal Home | Imprint | Privacy Policy | Contact | Deutsch
Fontsize: [-] Text [+]

Age-Related Decline in Vertical Jumping Performance in Masters Track and Field Athletes: Concomitant Influence of Body Composition

Alvero-Cruz, José R. and Brikis, Mieszko and Chilibeck, Phil and Frings-Meuthen, Petra and Guzmán, Jose F. and Mittag, Uwe and Michély, Sarah and Mulder, Edwin and Tanaka, Hirofumi and Tank, Jens and Rittweger, Jörn (2021) Age-Related Decline in Vertical Jumping Performance in Masters Track and Field Athletes: Concomitant Influence of Body Composition. Frontiers in Physiology, 12, p. 643649. Frontiers Media S.A. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.643649. ISSN 1664-042X.

[img] PDF - Published version
3MB

Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2021.643649/full

Abstract

Vertical jumping power declines with advancing age, which is theoretically explicable by loss of muscle mass and increases in body fat. However, the results of previous cross-sectional studies remain inconsistent on these relationships. The present study included 256 masters athletes who competed at the 2018 track and field world championships in Málaga, Spain. We assessed body composition with bioelectrical impedance (Inbody S10) and vertical jumping power with a Leonardo ground reaction force platform. Relationships between age, jumping power, and body composition were analyzed by correlation and regression analyses. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to evaluate effects of each factor on vertical jumping power. Agerelated rates of decreases in maximal power and jump height were similar between male and female athletes. Percent fat-free mass and percent body fat were negatively and positively, respectively, associated with age in masters athletes and were comparable to those previously observed in the general population. Moreover, these effects in body composition can, to a great extent, explain the age-related decline in jumping power, an effect that seems at least partly independent of age. Finally, the multiple regression model to determine independent predictors of vertical jump performance yielded an overall R2 value of 0.75 with the inclusion of (1) athletic specialization in power events, (2) percent fat-free mass, and (3) phase angle. However, partial regression yielded significant effects of age, but not gender, on peak power, even when adjusting for athletic specialization, percent fat-free mass, and phase angle. We concluded that loss of skeletal muscle mass and changes in bio-impedance phase angle are important contributors to the age-related reduction in anaerobic power, even in adults who maintain high levels of physical activity into old age. However, age per se remains a significant predictor of vertical jump performance, further demonstrating deteriorated muscle quality at old age (sarcosthenia)

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/141665/
Document Type:Article
Title:Age-Related Decline in Vertical Jumping Performance in Masters Track and Field Athletes: Concomitant Influence of Body Composition
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Alvero-Cruz, José R.Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Brikis, MieszkoGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Chilibeck, PhilPhysical Activity Complex, University of Saskatchewan College of Kinesiology, Saskatoon, SK, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Frings-Meuthen, PetraPetra.Frings-Meuthen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Guzmán, Jose F.Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Mittag, UweUwe.Mittag (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8580-3085
Michély, SarahGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Mulder, EdwinGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Biomedical Science Support Center, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Tanaka, HirofumiDepartment of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United StatesUNSPECIFIED
Tank, JensCardiovascular Aerospace Medicine Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Jens.Tank (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5672-1187
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Date:1 April 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Physiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:12
DOI :10.3389/fphys.2021.643649
Page Range:p. 643649
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A
ISSN:1664-042X
Status:Published
Keywords:aging, veteran athletes, anaerobic power, bio-impedance, phase angle, muscle, mechanography
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Long-term effects of physical inactivity versus activity
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Cardiovascular Medicine in Aerospace
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Leitungsbereich ME
Deposited By: Arndt, Carina
Deposited On:20 Apr 2021 10:33
Last Modified:20 Apr 2021 10:33

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Browse
Search
Help & Contact
Information
electronic library is running on EPrints 3.3.12
Copyright © 2008-2017 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.