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Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, and Sleep Impairment in Masters Athletes: Modulation by Age, Sex, and Exercise Type

Wooten, Ssavannah V. and Mittag, Uwe and Cruz, José Ramón Alvero and Stray-Gundersen, Sten and Hoffmann, Fabian and Michély, Sarah and Möstl, Stefan and Sies, Wolfram and Mulder, Edwin and Rauschendorfer, Philipp and Chillbeck, Philip D. and Rittweger, Jörn and Tanaka, Hirofumi (2021) Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, and Sleep Impairment in Masters Athletes: Modulation by Age, Sex, and Exercise Type. Frontiers in Physiology, 12, p. 634433. Frontiers Media S.A. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.634433. ISSN 1664-042X.

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2021.634433/full

Abstract

ntroduction: The masters athlete has been proposed as a model of successful aging. Research studies investigating psychological outlook in older athletes have primarily addressed negative affects including depression, anxiety, and stress. The impact of lifelong exercise on positive affect and life satisfaction as well as sleep impairment that could impact on these psychological states is largely unknown. Methods: A series of questionnaires (general life satisfaction, positive affect, and sleeprelated impairment) were administered to 240 masters athletes participating in the World Masters Athletics Championships. Total raw scores were converted into T scores for comparison with the general population. Meaningful difference was defined by the PROMISR as one-half standard deviation from the centering sample. Results: Meaningful differences were observed for improved general life satisfaction and reduced sleep impairment for all masters athletes. Positive affect did not reach the meaningful difference threshold. No significant sex differences were found for any of the questionnaires (all p > 0.05). Similarly, no significant differences were found between endurance, sprint, and strength/power sports for general life satisfaction (p = 0.18), positive affect (p = 0.46), and sleep impairment (p = 0.77). In general, life satisfaction increased with age (r = 0.15, p = 0.02), and sleep impairment trended towards reduction with age (r = −0.13, p = 0.05). Positive affect demonstrated no correlation with age (r = 0.09, p = 0.18). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the lifestyles of masters athletes contribute to improved general life satisfaction and reduced sleep impairment but not improved positive affect. The beneficial effects were observed irrespective of age, gender, and sporting types

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/141664/
Document Type:Article
Title:Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, and Sleep Impairment in Masters Athletes: Modulation by Age, Sex, and Exercise Type
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wooten, Ssavannah V.Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United StatesUNSPECIFIED
Mittag, UweUwe.Mittag (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8580-3085
Cruz, José Ramón AlveroHuman Physiology and Physical Education and Sports, University of Malaga, Málaga, Spain,UNSPECIFIED
Stray-Gundersen, StenDepartment of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United StatesUNSPECIFIED
Hoffmann, FabianGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Michély, SarahGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Möstl, StefanGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Sies, WolframGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Mulder, Edwingerman aerospace center (dlr), institute of aerospace medicine, biomedical science support center, cologne, germanyUNSPECIFIED
Rauschendorfer, PhilippGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Chillbeck, Philip D.College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada,UNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Tanaka, HirofumiDepartment of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United StatesUNSPECIFIED
Date:4 March 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Physiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:12
DOI :10.3389/fphys.2021.634433
Page Range:p. 634433
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A
ISSN:1664-042X
Status:Published
Keywords:veteran athlete, quality of life, mood, sleep quality, aging
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Long-term effects of physical inactivity versus activity
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Cardiovascular Medicine in Aerospace
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Leitungsbereich ME
Deposited By: Arndt, Carina
Deposited On:20 Apr 2021 10:32
Last Modified:20 Apr 2021 10:32

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