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Plasmasphere and topside ionosphere reconstruction using METOP satellite data during geomagnetic storms

Prol, Fabricio and Hoque, M Mainul and Ferreira, Arthur Amaral (2021) Plasmasphere and topside ionosphere reconstruction using METOP satellite data during geomagnetic storms. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 11 (5). EDP Sciences. doi: 10.1051/swsc/2020076. ISSN 2115-7251.

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Official URL: https://www.swsc-journal.org/articles/swsc/pdf/2021/01/swsc200075.pdf

Abstract

As part of the space weather monitoring, the response of the ionosphere and plasmasphere to geomagnetic storms is typically under continuous supervision by operational services. Fortunately, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers on board low Earth orbit satellites provides a unique opportunity for developing image representations that can capture the global distribution of the electron density in the plasmasphere and topside ionosphere. Among the difficulties of plasmaspheric imaging based on GNSS measurements, the development of procedures to invert the total electron content (TEC) into elec�tron density distributions remains as a challenging task. In this study, a new tomographic reconstruction technique is presented to estimate the electron density from TEC data along the METOP (METeorological OPerational) satellites. The proposed method is evaluated during four geomagnetic storms to check the capabilities of the tomography for space weather monitoring. The investigation shows that the developed method can successfully capture and reconstruct well-known enhancement and decrease of electron density variabilities during storms. The comparison with in-situ electron densities has shown an improvement around 11% and a better description of plasma variabilities due to the storms compared to the background. Our study also reveals that the plasmasphere TEC contribution to ground-based TEC may vary 10–60% during geomagnetic storms, and the contribution tends to reduce during the storm-recovery phase.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/141610/
Document Type:Article
Title:Plasmasphere and topside ionosphere reconstruction using METOP satellite data during geomagnetic storms
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Prol, FabricioFabricio.DosSantosProl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7206-1705
Hoque, M MainulMainul.Hoque (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ferreira, Arthur AmaralArthur.Ferreira (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2021
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:11
DOI :10.1051/swsc/2020076
Publisher:EDP Sciences
ISSN:2115-7251
Status:Published
Keywords:space weather, algebraic reconstruction technique, constrained tomography, DMSP, St. Patrick day
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Space Weather Effects EO (old), R - Vorhaben Ionosphäre (old)
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics > Space Weather Observation
Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics > Solar-Terrestrial Coupling Processes
Deposited By: Dos Santos Prol, Fabricio
Deposited On:07 Apr 2021 09:27
Last Modified:07 Apr 2021 09:27

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