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Assessment of the regionalised demand response potential in Germany using an open source tool and dataset

Heitkoetter, Wilko and Schyska, Bruno and Schmidt, Danielle and Medjroubi, Wided and Vogt, Thomas and Agert, Carsten (2021) Assessment of the regionalised demand response potential in Germany using an open source tool and dataset. Advances in Applied Energy, 1 (1). Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.adapen.2020.100001. ISSN 2666-7924.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666792420300019

Abstract

With the expansion of renewable energies in Germany, imminent grid congestion events occur more often. One approach for avoiding curtailment of renewable energies is to cover excess feed-in by demand response. As curtailment is often a local phenomenon, in this work we determine the regional demand response potential for the 401 German administrative districts with a temporal resolution of 15 min, including technical, socio-technical and economic restrictions. Our analysis yields that power-to-heat technologies provide the highest potentials, followed by residential appliances, commercial and industrial loads. For the considered 2030 scenario, power-to-gas and e-mobility also contribute a significant potential. The median value of the cumulated load increase potential of all technologies is 25 MW per administrative district. Using such a load increase potential to cover regional excess feed-in would suffice to avoid the curtailment of 8 classical wind turbines. Further, we calculated load shifting cost-potential curves for each district. Industrial processes and power-to-heat in district heating have the lowest load shifting investment cost, due to the largest installed capacities per facility. We distinguished between different size classes of the installed capacity of heat pumps, yielding 23% lower average investment cost for heat pump flexibilisation in the city of Berlin compared to a rural district. The variable costs of most considered load shifting technologies remain under the average compensation costs for curtailment of renewable energies of 110 € /MWh. As all results and the developed code are published under open source licenses, they can be used to integrate load shifting dispatch into energy system models.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/141330/
Document Type:Article
Title:Assessment of the regionalised demand response potential in Germany using an open source tool and dataset
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Heitkoetter, WilkoWilko.Heitkoetter (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0417-9437
Schyska, BrunoBruno.Schyska (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schmidt, Danielledanielle.schmidt (at) uol.deUNSPECIFIED
Medjroubi, WidedWided.Medjroubi (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2274-4209
Vogt, ThomasT.Vogt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Agert, Carstencarsten.agert (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4733-5257
Date:23 February 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Applied Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:1
DOI :10.1016/j.adapen.2020.100001
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2666-7924
Status:Published
Keywords:Demand response, Load shifting, Regionalisation, Cost-potential curves, Open data, Open source
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Energy System Design
HGF - Program Themes:Energy System Transformation
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy System Technology and Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis, OL
Deposited By: Medjroubi, Wided
Deposited On:06 Apr 2021 13:25
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 04:12

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