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Editorial: Astrobilogy of Mars, Europa, Titan and Enceladus - Most Likely Places for Alien Life

Kanik, Isik and de Vera, Jean Pierre Paul (2021) Editorial: Astrobilogy of Mars, Europa, Titan and Enceladus - Most Likely Places for Alien Life. Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 8. Frontiers Media S.A.. doi: 10.3389/fspas.2021.643268. ISSN 2296-987X.

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Abstract

A primary science goal of astrobiology is to understand the biological potential of Solar System bodies. Looking beyond Earth, four planetary bodies, namely Mars, Europa, Titan and Enceladus, offer numerous opportunities to investigate the chemical evolution and origin of life. These bodies may have biochemistry similar to that of life on Earth (Davila and McKay, 2014; Taubner et al., 2018; Taubner et al., 2020). In recent years, exploration strategies have been developed to pursue astrobiological objectives for these targets. Two key scientific objectives of current and planned space missions to these bodies are 1) to investigate the abundance and distribution of the organic compounds and biomolecules, as well as environmental conditions (causing alteration, degradation and even complete destruction of these compounds such as irradiation, mineralogy etc.), as these are crucial in the search of biosignatures; and 2) to identify evidence of ancient biota and to determine whether indigenous organisms currently exist anywhere on the surface and subsurface of these planetary bodies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/141261/
Document Type:Article
Title:Editorial: Astrobilogy of Mars, Europa, Titan and Enceladus - Most Likely Places for Alien Life
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kanik, IsikNASA JPL Pasadena & NASA Astrobiology Institute - ICY Worlds PasadenaUNSPECIFIED
de Vera, Jean Pierre Pauljean-pierre.devera (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9530-5821
Date:4 March 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:8
DOI :10.3389/fspas.2021.643268
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
Series Name:Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
ISSN:2296-987X
Status:Published
Keywords:Astrobiology, Mars, Europa, Titan, Enceladus
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Laboratories
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:10 Mar 2021 09:48
Last Modified:10 Mar 2021 09:48

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