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Feasibility of skin‑friction field measurements in a transonic wind tunnel using a global luminescent oil film

Costantini, Marco and Lee, Taekjin and Nonomura, Taku and Asai, Keisuke and Klein, Christian (2021) Feasibility of skin‑friction field measurements in a transonic wind tunnel using a global luminescent oil film. Experiments in Fluids, 62 (1), pp. 1-34. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s00348-020-03109-z. ISSN 0723-4864.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-020-03109-z


The feasibility of skin-friction field measurements using the global luminescent oil-film skin-friction field estimation method was evaluated for a challenging case of a supercritical airfoil model under transonic wind-tunnel conditions (freestream Mach number of 0.72) at a high Reynolds number (10 million, based on the model chord length). The oil-film thickness and skin-friction coefficient distributions were estimated over the airfoil model upper surface for a range of angles of attack (from −0.4° to 2.0°), thus enabling the study of different boundary-layer stability situations with laminar–turbulent transition, including cases with shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction. Conventional pressure measurements on the surface and in the wake of the model as well as Schlieren flow visualizations were conducted to support the oil-film based investigations. In the laminar-flow regions, the oil-film thickness could be generally kept below the critical limit of roughness that would induce premature boundary-layer transition. The skin friction in this region could be estimated with a moderate confidence level, as confirmed for portions of the chord by the reasonable agreement with numerical data obtained via laminar boundary-layer computations. Moreover, the location of transition onset was evaluated from the skin-friction estimations with relatively low uncertainty, thus enabling the examination of the transition location evolution with varying angle of attack. The estimated locations of transition onset were shown to be in general agreement with reference transition locations measured via temperature-sensitive paint. On the other hand, the oil-film thickness in the turbulent-flow regions was larger than the height of the viscous sublayer, which led to an hydraulically rough surface with increased skin friction, as compared to the clean configuration. For this reason, quantitative skin-friction estimations were not feasible in the turbulent-flow regions. The global effects of the oil-film setup on the flow around the airfoil were evaluated from the estimations of the aerodynamic coefficients. In particular, it was shown that the presence of the specific base coat used for the application of the oil film already induced a significant increase in airfoil drag, as compared to the clean configuration, whereas a thin oil film led to negligible or small additional increases in drag. Based on the present observations, considerations for the further improvement of the global luminescent oil-film skin-friction field estimation method in transonic flow experiments at high Reynolds numbers are elucidated.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/141173/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information:Published online: 08.01.2021, E-ISSN: 1432-1114, Article Number: 21, Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL, Published: 08 January 2021, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00348-020-03109-z
Title:Feasibility of skin‑friction field measurements in a transonic wind tunnel using a global luminescent oil film
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Costantini, Marcomarco.costantini (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0642-0199
Lee, Taekjintechnolojin (at) gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Nonomura, Takunonomura (at) aero.mech.tohoku.ac.jpUNSPECIFIED
Asai, Keisukeasai (at) aero.mech.tohoku.ac.jpUNSPECIFIED
Klein, Christianchristian.klein (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7592-6922
Date:8 January 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Experiments in Fluids
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1007/s00348-020-03109-z
Page Range:pp. 1-34
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
UNSPECIFIEDSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Keywords:Skin friction; wall shear stress; transonic wind-tunnel test; image-based measurement; oil film; supercritical airfoil
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Efficient Vehicle
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L EV - Efficient Vehicle
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Virtual Aircraft and  Validation
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Experimental Methods, GO
Deposited By: Micknaus, Ilka
Deposited On:08 Mar 2021 11:00
Last Modified:08 Mar 2021 11:00

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