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Classification and mapping of the glaciers on Axel Heiberg Island using TerraSAR-X SAR data

Hauser, Sarah (2021) Classification and mapping of the glaciers on Axel Heiberg Island using TerraSAR-X SAR data. Master's, Jade Hochschule Oldenburg.

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Abstract

Global warming led to an increase in the global average temperature of ~ 1.0 °C between pre-industrial times and today. Glaciers, ice caps and ice sheets are sensitive indicators of these changes. The decrease in land ice masses, which are the world's largest freshwater reservoirs, is already having a strong impact on human life on Earth and is likely to increase in the future. As a result, glacial nature hazards may increase, global water storage may be affected, but also biodiversity may be impacted. The rise in global sea levels, the latter of which has already accelerated significantly in recent decades, can also be attributed to global glacier melt. Monitoring of the behaviour of glacial systems and their response to climatic changes is therefore of great importance. Given the large areal coverage, temporal variability, inaccessibility and remote location of many snow-covered regions, remote sensing is ideal for monitoring the glaciers and its trends at both spatial and temporal scales. Whereas optical remote sensing data has a long history in monitoring glaciers, data from optical sensors can be affected by cloud cover as well as (polar) darkness. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) however, is a valuable alternative as it is independent of clouds and illumination conditions. This work aimed to identify the glacial zones on Axel Heiberg Island using multitemporal TerraSAR-X data over a period from 2017 to 2020. This is achieved based on an analysis of the backscatter behaviour of the SAR signal. In order to obtain plausible results, optical (Sentinel-2) satellite images, a digital elevation model, as well as climatological data, are used. Seasonal melting and refreezing patterns have been detected, matching to an extent climatological data, in particular the local temperatures. Overall, there is a positive trend, a continuous increase, in temperatures. This is reflected in the zonal glacier changes, in the warmer years, more extensive melt zones are detected in terms of time and area. In addition, glacier flow velocities are determined for White Glacier (Axel Heiberg Island) using offset tracking. A seasonal recurring behaviour can also be identified in the glacier velocities. In the summer months (end of May to mid/end of September), velocities are relatively higher than in the winter months. However, a direct correlation between rising temperatures and increased velocities could not be detected. Which may be due to the other factors, influencing the glacier velocities. In this context, it is necessary to perform further research.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140966/
Document Type:Thesis (Master's)
Title:Classification and mapping of the glaciers on Axel Heiberg Island using TerraSAR-X SAR data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hauser, SarahUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:164
Status:Published
Keywords:SAR, glacier zones, classification, glacier surface velocity, wet snow mapping
Institution:Jade Hochschule Oldenburg
Department:Geoinformationswissenschaften
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote Sensing and Geo Research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface Dynamics
Deposited By: Wendleder, Anna
Deposited On:18 Feb 2021 14:48
Last Modified:18 Feb 2021 14:48

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