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The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the NASA Mars 2020 Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests

Wiens, Roger C. and Maurice, Sylvestre and Robinson, Scott H. and Nelson, Anthony E. and Cais, Philippe and Bernardi, Pernelle and Newell, Raymond T. and Clegg, Sam and Sharma, Shiv K. and Storms, Steven and Deming, Jonathan and Beckman, Darrel and Ollila, Ann M. and Gasnault, Olivier and Anderson, Ryan B. and André, Yves and Michael Angel, S. and Arana, Gorka and Auden, Elizabeth and Beck, Pierre and Becker, Joseph and Benzerara, Karim and Bernard, Sylvain and Beyssac, Olivier and Borges, Louis and Bousquet, Bruno and Boyd, Kerry and Caffrey, Michael and Carlson, Jeffrey and Castro, Kepa and Celis, Jorden and Chide, Baptiste and Clark, Kevin and Cloutis, Edward and Cordoba, Elizabeth C. and Cousin, Agnes and Dale, Magdalena and Deflores, Lauren and Delapp, Dorothea and Deleuze, Muriel and Dirmyer, Matthew and Donny, Christophe and Dromart, Gilles and George Duran, M. and Egan, Miles and Ervin, Joan and Fabre, Cecile and Fau, Amaury and Fischer, Woodward and Forni, Olivier and Fouchet, Thierry and Fresquez, Reuben and Frydenvang, Jens and Gasway, Denine and Gontijo, Ivair and Grotzinger, John and Jacob, Xavier and Jacquinod, Sophie and Johnson, Jeffrey R. and Klisiewicz, Roberta A. and Lake, James and Lanza, Nina and Laserna, Javier and Lasue, Jeremie and Le Mouélic, Stéphane and Legett, Carey and Leveille, Richard and Lewin, Eric and Lopez-Reyes, Guillermo and Lorenz, Ralph and Lorigny, Eric and Love, Steven P. and Lucero, Briana and Madariaga, Juan Manuel and Madsen, Morten and Madsen, Soren and Mangold, Nicolas and Manrique, Jose Antonio and Martinez, J. P. and Martinez-Frias, Jesus and McCabe, Kevin P. and McConnochie, Timothy H. and McGlown, Justin M. and McLennan, Scott M. and Melikechi, Noureddine and Meslin, Pierre-Yves and Michel, John M. and Mimoun, David and Misra, Anupam and Montagnac, Gilles and Montmessin, Franck and Mousset, Valerie and Murdoch, Naomi and Newsom, Horton and Ott, Logan A. and Ousnamer, Zachary R. and Pares, Laurent and Parot, Yann and Pawluczyk, Rafal and Glen Peterson, C. and Pilleri, Paolo and Pinet, Patrick and Pont, Gabriel and Poulet, Francois and Provost, Cheryl and Quertier, Benjamin and Quinn, Heather and Rapin, William and Reess, Jean-Michel and Regan, Amy H. and Reyes-Newell, Adriana L. and Romano, Philip J. and Royer, Clement and Rull, Fernando and Sandoval, Benigno and Sarrao, Joseph H. and Sautter, Violaine and Schoppers, Marcel J. and Schröder, Susanne and Seitz, Daniel and Shepherd, Terra and Sobron, Pablo and Dubois, Bruno and Sridhar, Vishnu and Toplis, Michael J. and Torre-Fdez, Imanol and Trettel, Ian A. and Underwood, Mark and Valdez, Andres and Valdez, Jacob and Venhaus, Dawn and Willis, Peter (2021) The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the NASA Mars 2020 Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests. Space Science Reviews, 217 (1). Springer. doi: 10.1007/s11214-020-00777-5. ISSN 0038-6308.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11214-020-00777-5

Abstract

The SuperCam instrument suite provides the Mars 2020 rover, Perseverance, with a number of versatile remote-sensing techniques that can be used at long distance as well as within the robotic-arm workspace. These include laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), remote time-resolved Raman and luminescence spectroscopies, and visible and infrared (VISIR; separately referred to as VIS and IR) reflectance spectroscopy. A remote micro-imager (RMI) provides high-resolution color context imaging, and a microphone can be used as a stand-alone tool for environmental studies or to determine physical properties of rocks and soils from shock waves of laser-produced plasmas. SuperCam is built in three parts: The mast unit (MU), consisting of the laser, telescope, RMI, IR spectrometer, and associated electronics, is described in a companion paper. The on-board calibration targets are described in another companion paper. Here we describe SuperCam’s body unit (BU) and testing of the integrated instrument. The BU, mounted inside the rover body, receives light from the MU via a 5.8 m optical fiber. The light is split into three wavelength bands by a demultiplexer, and is routed via fiber bundles to three optical spectrometers, two of which (UV and violet; 245–340 and 385–465 nm) are crossed Czerny-Turner reflection spectrometers, nearly identical to their counterparts on ChemCam. The third is a high-efficiency transmission spectrometer containing an optical intensifier capable of gating exposures to 100 ns or longer, with variable delay times relative to the laser pulse. This spectrometer covers 535–853 nm (105--7070 cm−1 Raman shift relative to the 532 nm green laser beam) with 12 cm−1 full-width at half-maximum peak resolution in the Raman fingerprint region. The BU electronics boards interface with the rover and control the instrument, returning data to the rover. Thermal systems maintain a warm temperature during cruise to Mars to avoid contamination on the optics, and cool the detectors during operations on Mars. Results obtained with the integrated instrument demonstrate its capabilities for LIBS, for which a library of 332 standards was developed. Examples of Raman and VISIR spectroscopy are shown, demonstrating clear mineral identification with both techniques. Luminescence spectra demonstrate the utility of having both spectral and temporal dimensions. Finally, RMI and microphone tests on the rover demonstrate the capabilities of these subsystems as well.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140533/
Document Type:Article
Title:The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the NASA Mars 2020 Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Wiens, Roger C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Maurice, SylvestreUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Robinson, Scott H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nelson, Anthony E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cais, PhilippeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bernardi, PernelleUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Newell, Raymond T.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clegg, SamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sharma, Shiv K.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Storms, StevenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deming, JonathanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beckman, DarrelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ollila, Ann M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gasnault, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Anderson, Ryan B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
André, YvesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Michael Angel, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Arana, GorkaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Auden, ElizabethUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beck, PierreUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Becker, JosephUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Benzerara, KarimUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bernard, SylvainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beyssac, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Borges, LouisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bousquet, BrunoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Boyd, KerryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Caffrey, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carlson, JeffreyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Castro, KepaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Celis, JordenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chide, BaptisteUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clark, KevinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cloutis, EdwardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cordoba, Elizabeth C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cousin, AgnesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dale, MagdalenaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deflores, LaurenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Delapp, DorotheaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deleuze, MurielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dirmyer, MatthewUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Donny, ChristopheUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dromart, GillesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
George Duran, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Egan, MilesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ervin, JoanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fabre, CecileUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fau, AmauryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fischer, WoodwardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Forni, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fouchet, ThierryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fresquez, ReubenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Frydenvang, JensUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gasway, DenineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gontijo, IvairUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grotzinger, JohnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jacob, XavierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jacquinod, SophieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Johnson, Jeffrey R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Klisiewicz, Roberta A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lake, JamesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lanza, NinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Laserna, JavierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lasue, JeremieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Le Mouélic, StéphaneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Legett, CareyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leveille, RichardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lewin, EricUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lopez-Reyes, GuillermoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, RalphUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorigny, EricUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Love, Steven P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lucero, BrianaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Madariaga, Juan ManuelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Madsen, MortenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Madsen, SorenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mangold, NicolasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Manrique, Jose AntonioUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martinez, J. P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martinez-Frias, JesusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McCabe, Kevin P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McConnochie, Timothy H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McGlown, Justin M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McLennan, Scott M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Melikechi, NoureddineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Meslin, Pierre-YvesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Michel, John M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mimoun, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Misra, AnupamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Montagnac, GillesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Montmessin, FranckUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mousset, ValerieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Murdoch, NaomiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Newsom, HortonUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ott, Logan A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ousnamer, Zachary R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pares, LaurentUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Parot, YannUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pawluczyk, RafalUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Glen Peterson, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pilleri, PaoloUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pinet, PatrickUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pont, GabrielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Poulet, FrancoisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Provost, CherylUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Quertier, BenjaminUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Quinn, HeatherUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rapin, WilliamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reess, Jean-MichelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Regan, Amy H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reyes-Newell, Adriana L.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Romano, Philip J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Royer, ClementUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rull, FernandoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sandoval, BenignoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sarrao, Joseph H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sautter, ViolaineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schoppers, Marcel J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, SusanneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1870-3663UNSPECIFIED
Seitz, DanielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shepherd, TerraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sobron, PabloUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dubois, BrunoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sridhar, VishnuUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Toplis, Michael J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Torre-Fdez, ImanolUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Trettel, Ian A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Underwood, MarkUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Valdez, AndresUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Valdez, JacobUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Venhaus, DawnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Willis, PeterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Space Science Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:217
DOI:10.1007/s11214-020-00777-5
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0038-6308
Status:Published
Keywords:Perseverance rover, LIBS, Raman spectroscopy, Infrared spectroscopy, Microphone on Mars, SuperCam, Jezero crater, Mars
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben OptoRob (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Deposited By: Schröder, Susanne
Deposited On:19 Jan 2021 09:29
Last Modified:27 Jun 2023 08:33

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