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The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the NASA Mars 2020 Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests

Wiens, Roger C. and Maurice, Sylvestre and Robinson, Scott H. and Nelson, Anthony E. and Cais, Philippe and Bernardi, Pernelle and Newell, Raymond T. and Clegg, Sam and Sharma, Shiv K. and Storms, Steven and Deming, Jonathan and Beckman, Darrel and Ollila, Ann M. and Gasnault, Olivier and Anderson, Ryan B. and André, Yves and Michael Angel, S. and Arana, Gorka and Auden, Elizabeth and Beck, Pierre and Becker, Joseph and Benzerara, Karim and Bernard, Sylvain and Beyssac, Olivier and Borges, Louis and Bousquet, Bruno and Boyd, Kerry and Caffrey, Michael and Carlson, Jeffrey and Castro, Kepa and Celis, Jorden and Chide, Baptiste and Clark, Kevin and Cloutis, Edward and Cordoba, Elizabeth C. and Cousin, Agnes and Dale, Magdalena and Deflores, Lauren and Delapp, Dorothea and Deleuze, Muriel and Dirmyer, Matthew and Donny, Christophe and Dromart, Gilles and George Duran, M. and Egan, Miles and Ervin, Joan and Fabre, Cecile and Fau, Amaury and Fischer, Woodward and Forni, Olivier and Fouchet, Thierry and Fresquez, Reuben and Frydenvang, Jens and Gasway, Denine and Gontijo, Ivair and Grotzinger, John and Jacob, Xavier and Jacquinod, Sophie and Johnson, Jeffrey R. and Klisiewicz, Roberta A. and Lake, James and Lanza, Nina and Laserna, Javier and Lasue, Jeremie and Le Mouélic, Stéphane and Legett, Carey and Leveille, Richard and Lewin, Eric and Lopez-Reyes, Guillermo and Lorenz, Ralph and Lorigny, Eric and Love, Steven P. and Lucero, Briana and Madariaga, Juan Manuel and Madsen, Morten and Madsen, Soren and Mangold, Nicolas and Manrique, Jose Antonio and Martinez, J. P. and Martinez-Frias, Jesus and McCabe, Kevin P. and McConnochie, Timothy H. and McGlown, Justin M. and McLennan, Scott M. and Melikechi, Noureddine and Meslin, Pierre-Yves and Michel, John M. and Mimoun, David and Misra, Anupam and Montagnac, Gilles and Montmessin, Franck and Mousset, Valerie and Murdoch, Naomi and Newsom, Horton and Ott, Logan A. and Ousnamer, Zachary R. and Pares, Laurent and Parot, Yann and Pawluczyk, Rafal and Glen Peterson, C. and Pilleri, Paolo and Pinet, Patrick and Pont, Gabriel and Poulet, Francois and Provost, Cheryl and Quertier, Benjamin and Quinn, Heather and Rapin, William and Reess, Jean-Michel and Regan, Amy H. and Reyes-Newell, Adriana L. and Romano, Philip J. and Royer, Clement and Rull, Fernando and Sandoval, Benigno and Sarrao, Joseph H. and Sautter, Violaine and Schoppers, Marcel J. and Schröder, Susanne and Seitz, Daniel and Shepherd, Terra and Sobron, Pablo and Dubois, Bruno and Sridhar, Vishnu and Toplis, Michael J. and Torre-Fdez, Imanol and Trettel, Ian A. and Underwood, Mark and Valdez, Andres and Valdez, Jacob and Venhaus, Dawn and Willis, Peter (2021) The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the NASA Mars 2020 Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests. Space Science Reviews, 217 (1). Springer. doi: 10.1007/s11214-020-00777-5. ISSN 0038-6308.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11214-020-00777-5

Abstract

The SuperCam instrument suite provides the Mars 2020 rover, Perseverance, with a number of versatile remote-sensing techniques that can be used at long distance as well as within the robotic-arm workspace. These include laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), remote time-resolved Raman and luminescence spectroscopies, and visible and infrared (VISIR; separately referred to as VIS and IR) reflectance spectroscopy. A remote micro-imager (RMI) provides high-resolution color context imaging, and a microphone can be used as a stand-alone tool for environmental studies or to determine physical properties of rocks and soils from shock waves of laser-produced plasmas. SuperCam is built in three parts: The mast unit (MU), consisting of the laser, telescope, RMI, IR spectrometer, and associated electronics, is described in a companion paper. The on-board calibration targets are described in another companion paper. Here we describe SuperCam’s body unit (BU) and testing of the integrated instrument. The BU, mounted inside the rover body, receives light from the MU via a 5.8 m optical fiber. The light is split into three wavelength bands by a demultiplexer, and is routed via fiber bundles to three optical spectrometers, two of which (UV and violet; 245–340 and 385–465 nm) are crossed Czerny-Turner reflection spectrometers, nearly identical to their counterparts on ChemCam. The third is a high-efficiency transmission spectrometer containing an optical intensifier capable of gating exposures to 100 ns or longer, with variable delay times relative to the laser pulse. This spectrometer covers 535–853 nm (105--7070 cm−1 Raman shift relative to the 532 nm green laser beam) with 12 cm−1 full-width at half-maximum peak resolution in the Raman fingerprint region. The BU electronics boards interface with the rover and control the instrument, returning data to the rover. Thermal systems maintain a warm temperature during cruise to Mars to avoid contamination on the optics, and cool the detectors during operations on Mars. Results obtained with the integrated instrument demonstrate its capabilities for LIBS, for which a library of 332 standards was developed. Examples of Raman and VISIR spectroscopy are shown, demonstrating clear mineral identification with both techniques. Luminescence spectra demonstrate the utility of having both spectral and temporal dimensions. Finally, RMI and microphone tests on the rover demonstrate the capabilities of these subsystems as well.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140533/
Document Type:Article
Title:The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the NASA Mars 2020 Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wiens, Roger C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Maurice, SylvestreUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Robinson, Scott H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nelson, Anthony E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cais, PhilippeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bernardi, PernelleUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Newell, Raymond T.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clegg, SamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sharma, Shiv K.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Storms, StevenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deming, JonathanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beckman, DarrelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ollila, Ann M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gasnault, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Anderson, Ryan B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
André, YvesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Michael Angel, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Arana, GorkaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Auden, ElizabethUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beck, PierreUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Becker, JosephUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Benzerara, KarimUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bernard, SylvainUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beyssac, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Borges, LouisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bousquet, BrunoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Boyd, KerryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Caffrey, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Carlson, JeffreyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Castro, KepaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Celis, JordenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chide, BaptisteUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clark, KevinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cloutis, EdwardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cordoba, Elizabeth C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cousin, AgnesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dale, MagdalenaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deflores, LaurenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Delapp, DorotheaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deleuze, MurielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dirmyer, MatthewUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Donny, ChristopheUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dromart, GillesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
George Duran, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Egan, MilesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ervin, JoanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fabre, CecileUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fau, AmauryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fischer, WoodwardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Forni, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fouchet, ThierryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fresquez, ReubenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Frydenvang, JensUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gasway, DenineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gontijo, IvairUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grotzinger, JohnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jacob, XavierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jacquinod, SophieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Johnson, Jeffrey R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Klisiewicz, Roberta A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lake, JamesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lanza, NinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Laserna, JavierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lasue, JeremieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Le Mouélic, StéphaneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Legett, CareyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leveille, RichardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lewin, EricUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lopez-Reyes, GuillermoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, RalphUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorigny, EricUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Love, Steven P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lucero, BrianaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Madariaga, Juan ManuelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Madsen, MortenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Madsen, SorenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mangold, NicolasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Manrique, Jose AntonioUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martinez, J. P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martinez-Frias, JesusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McCabe, Kevin P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McConnochie, Timothy H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McGlown, Justin M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McLennan, Scott M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Melikechi, NoureddineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Meslin, Pierre-YvesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Michel, John M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mimoun, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Misra, AnupamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Montagnac, GillesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Montmessin, FranckUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mousset, ValerieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Murdoch, NaomiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Newsom, HortonUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ott, Logan A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ousnamer, Zachary R.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pares, LaurentUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Parot, YannUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pawluczyk, RafalUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Glen Peterson, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pilleri, PaoloUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pinet, PatrickUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pont, GabrielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Poulet, FrancoisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Provost, CherylUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Quertier, BenjaminUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Quinn, HeatherUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rapin, WilliamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reess, Jean-MichelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Regan, Amy H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reyes-Newell, Adriana L.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Romano, Philip J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Royer, ClementUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rull, FernandoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sandoval, BenignoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sarrao, Joseph H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sautter, ViolaineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schoppers, Marcel J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, SusanneSusanne.Schroeder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Seitz, DanielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shepherd, TerraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sobron, PabloUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dubois, BrunoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sridhar, VishnuUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Toplis, Michael J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Torre-Fdez, ImanolUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Trettel, Ian A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Underwood, MarkUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Valdez, AndresUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Valdez, JacobUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Venhaus, DawnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Willis, PeterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Space Science Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:217
DOI :10.1007/s11214-020-00777-5
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0038-6308
Status:Published
Keywords:Perseverance rover, LIBS, Raman spectroscopy, Infrared spectroscopy, Microphone on Mars, SuperCam, Jezero crater, Mars
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben OptoRob (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Deposited By: Schröder, Susanne
Deposited On:19 Jan 2021 09:29
Last Modified:19 Jan 2021 09:29

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