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A field study on the aerodynamics of freight trains

Quazi, Ariq and Crouch, Timothy and Bell, James and McGreevy, Tony and Thompson, Mark and Burton, David (2021) A field study on the aerodynamics of freight trains. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 209, pp. 1-16. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104463. ISSN 0167-6105.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104463


A novel full-scale field test was undertaken to assess the aerodynamic performance of shipping containers loaded on inter-modal freight trains. The aerodynamic performance of an instrumented 48 ​ft container, located 185 ​m downstream of the locomotive, is assessed in the context of surface pressure, weather station, and GPS data sets. Previous studies on the aerodynamics of trains have been largely limited to low-resolution, reduced-order and scaled; field, numerical and wind-tunnel studies; respectively. The objective here was to determine the capacity of this novel field-based method to assess the aerodynamic performance of full-scale train containers for a large range of operating conditions. For low wind conditions, where the yaw angle is predicted to be low, measured surface pressure distributions on the front and base of the container are similar to that of past work however the magnitude of the drag coefficient was much lower, by up to 65%. This suggests that previous studies are yet to fully detail the drag profile of containers located at large downstream distance. Observed asymmetry of the pressure distribution on the front of the container are generally consistent with wind conditions measured at nearby weather stations and can be used as a proxy to determine the wind yaw angle at the train.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140136/
Document Type:Article
Title:A field study on the aerodynamics of freight trains
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Quazi, AriqMonash UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Crouch, Timothytimothy.crouch (at) monash.eduUNSPECIFIED
Bell, JamesJames.Bell (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8319-9817
McGreevy, Tonytony_mcgreevy (at) pacificnational.com.auUNSPECIFIED
Thompson, Markmark.thompson (at) monash.eduUNSPECIFIED
Burton, Daviddavid.burton (at) monash.eduUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104463
Page Range:pp. 1-16
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Keywords:Train aerodynamics, Bluff bodies, Field measurement, Aerodynamic drag, Experimental methods
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Transport und Klima
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Ground Vehicles
Deposited By: Bell, Dr. James
Deposited On:11 Jan 2021 21:45
Last Modified:11 Jan 2021 21:45

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