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Whole-body vibration as a treatment option for chronic lower back pain

Rittweger, Jörn (2020) Whole-body vibration as a treatment option for chronic lower back pain. In: Manual of Vibration Exercise and Vibration Therapy Springer Nature. pp. 279-284. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-43985-9. ISBN 978-3-030-43984-2.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-43985-9_20


Occupational exposure to vibration has long been seen as an important cause of chronic lower back pain (CLBP). However, research has also established that CLBP is associated with reduction or loss of spinal reflexes in the trunk musculature, and also with hampered lumbo-pelvic proprioception. It was therefore hoped that whole-body vibration (WBV), which has been shown to elicit muscle stretch and stretch reflexes, can help to re-establish functionality in the trunk musculature. Studies into the acute spinal responses to vibration support this idea. Independent of this, vibration seems to also reduce the perception of pain in the trunk musculature and elsewhere. Today, a series of clinical studies with more than 300 patients effectively demonstrates the suitability of WBV as a treatment of CLBP, with improvements in pain sensation, in disability, in pelvic flexibility, in pelvic proprioception, in quality of life and in habitual physical activity levels. Thus, WBV lends itself for application in CLBP treatment on a larger scale. Future research should also try to establish which types of vibration exposures (exercising vs. occupational) and which dosage (amplitude, frequency, shape, duration) determine whether vibration is helpful or detrimental.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140130/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Whole-body vibration as a treatment option for chronic lower back pain
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Date:24 May 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Manual of Vibration Exercise and Vibration Therapy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 279-284
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger@dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Publisher:Springer Nature
Keywords:Nociception, Disability, Pain, Physiotherapy, Occupational medicine, Non-specific lower back pain
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Arndt, Carina
Deposited On:11 Jan 2021 11:47
Last Modified:11 Jan 2021 11:47

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