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Biomechanics of Vibration Exercise

Cochrane, Darryl J. and Rittweger, Jörn (2020) Biomechanics of Vibration Exercise. In: Manual of Vibration Exercise and Vibration Therapy Springer Nature. pp. 69-85. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-43985-9. ISBN 978-3-030-43984-2.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-43985-9_5

Abstract

This biomechanistic approach of vibration exercise discusses the human body as a group of segments (foot, shank, thigh, trunk, head) balanced on top of each other. These segments are interlinked by joints, the stiffness of which is generated by the surrounding muscles. Reflexes and pre-tension of the muscles are important factors that modulate the apparent joint stiffness and leg stiffness. In addition, leg stiffness is also affected by posture, with greater leg stiffness occurring in erect posture than in a crouched posture. To ensure comfort and to reduce the possible risk, vibration transmission to the head should be attenuated. This can be achieved by adjusting the pre-tension and posture. In addition, raising the heel from the vibration platform reduces vibration transmissibility. For similar reasons, side-alternating platforms have lower transmissibility to trunk and head than side-synchronous platforms, as they allow an additional degree of freedom in the lumbo-sacral joint. Finally, vibration elicits stretch-shortening cycles within the tendon and skeletal muscle, at a minimum of 6 Hz. These mechanical stretch-shortening cycles provide a solid rationale for the activation of mono-synaptic stretch reflexes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140123/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Biomechanics of Vibration Exercise
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Cochrane, Darryl J.Massey UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Date:24 May 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Manual of Vibration Exercise and Vibration Therapy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-030-43985-9
Page Range:pp. 69-85
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger@dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Publisher:Springer Nature
ISBN:978-3-030-43984-2
Status:Published
Keywords:Musculoskeletal mechanics, Cybernetics, Skeletal muscle, Connective tissue, Posture
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Arndt, Carina
Deposited On:11 Jan 2021 11:34
Last Modified:11 Jan 2021 11:34

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