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Opportunities and Risks of Disaster Data from Social Media: A Systematic Review of Incident Information

Wiegmann, Matti and Kersten, Jens and Senaratne, Hansi and Potthast, Martin and Klan, Friederike and Stein, Benno (2021) Opportunities and Risks of Disaster Data from Social Media: A Systematic Review of Incident Information. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS). Copernicus Publications. doi: 10.5194/nhess-2020-221. ISSN 1561-8633. (Submitted)

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Official URL: https://nhess.copernicus.org/preprints/nhess-2020-221/

Abstract

Compiling and disseminating information about incidents and disasters is key to disaster management and relief. But due to inherent limitations of the acquisition process, the required information is often incomplete or missing altogether. To fill these gaps, citizen observations spread through social media are widely considered to be a promising source of relevant information, and many studies propose new methods to tap this resource. Yet, the overarching question of whether, and under which circumstances social media can supply relevant information (both qualitatively and quantitatively) still remains unanswered. To shed some light on this question, we review 37 large disaster and incident databases covering 27 incident types, organize the contained data and its collection process, and identify the missing or incomplete information. The resulting data collection reveals six major use cases for social media analysis in incident data collection: impact assessment and verification of model predictions, narrative generation, enabling enhanced citizen involvement, supporting weakly institutionalized areas, narrowing surveillance areas, and reporting triggers for periodical surveillance. Aside from this analysis, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the use of social media data for closing information gaps related to incidents and disasters.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140114/
Document Type:Article
Title:Opportunities and Risks of Disaster Data from Social Media: A Systematic Review of Incident Information
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wiegmann, MattiMatti.Wiegmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3911-0456
Kersten, Jensjens.kersten (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4735-7360
Senaratne, Hansihansi.senaratne (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Potthast, Martinmartin.potthast (at) uni-leipzig.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2451-0665
Klan, FriederikeFriederike.Klan (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1856-7334
Stein, Bennobenno.stein (at) uni-weimar.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9033-2217
Date:2021
Journal or Publication Title:Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.5194/nhess-2020-221
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Figueiredo, RuiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schröter, KaiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Martina, Mario Lloyd Virgiliomario.martina@iusspavia.itUNSPECIFIED
Galasso, CarmineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
Series Name:Special Issue: Groundbreaking technologies, big data, and innovation for disaster risk modelling and reduction
ISSN:1561-8633
Status:Submitted
Keywords:Incident databases, social media, opportunities, risks
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Jena
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Data Science > Citizen Science
Deposited By: Kersten, Dr.-Ing. Jens
Deposited On:07 Jan 2021 10:18
Last Modified:07 Jan 2021 10:18

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