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Survey of autonomous guidance methods for powered planetary landing

Song, Zhengyu and Wang, Cong and Theil, Stephan and Seelbinder, David and Sagliano, Marco and Liu, Xin-fu and Shao, Zhijiang (2020) Survey of autonomous guidance methods for powered planetary landing. Frontiers of Information Technology and Electronic Engineering, 21 (5), pp. 652-674. Springer. doi: 10.1631/FITEE.1900458. ISSN 2095-9184.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.1900458


This paper summarizes the autonomous guidance methods (AGMs) for pinpoint soft landing on celestial surfaces. We first review the development of powered descent guidance methods, focusing on their contributions for dealing with constraints and enhancing computational efficiency. With the increasing demand for reusable launchers and more scientific returns from space exploration, pinpoint soft landing has become a basic requirement. Unlike the kilometer-level precision for previous activities, the position accuracy of future planetary landers is within tens of meters of a target respecting all constraints of velocity and attitude, which is a very difficult task and arouses renewed interest in AGMs. This paper states the generalized three- and six-degree-of-freedom optimization problems in the powered descent phase and compares the features of three typical scenarios, i.e., the lunar, Mars, and Earth landing. On this basis, the paper details the characteristics and adaptability of AGMs by comparing aspects of analytical guidance methods, numerical optimization algorithms, and learning-based methods, and discusses the convexification treatment and solution strategies for non-convex problems. Three key issues related to AGM application, including physical feasibility, model accuracy, and real-time performance, are presented afterward for discussion. Many space organizations, such as those in the United States, China, France, Germany, and Japan, have also developed free-flying demonstrators to carry out related research. The guidance methods which have been tested on these demonstrators are briefly introduced at the end of the paper.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/140069/
Document Type:Article
Title:Survey of autonomous guidance methods for powered planetary landing
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Song, ZhengyuChina Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, Beijing, 100076, ChinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, CongBeijing Aerospace Automatic Control Institute, Beijing, 100854, ChinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Theil, StephanUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5346-8091UNSPECIFIED
Seelbinder, DavidUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4080-3169UNSPECIFIED
Sagliano, MarcoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1026-0693UNSPECIFIED
Liu, Xin-fuSchool of Aerospace Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081, ChinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shao, ZhijiangCollege of Control Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, ChinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:14 March 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers of Information Technology and Electronic Engineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 652-674
Keywords:Autonomous guidance method, Pinpoint soft landing, Powered descent, Nonlinear programming
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):Hochpräzise Lageregelung (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Deposited By: Theil, Dr.-Ing. Stephan
Deposited On:07 Jan 2021 10:09
Last Modified:15 Jul 2021 16:26

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